Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (0P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.
The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult
the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior),
or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
--- standard type definitions
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the
ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard.
header shall define the following macros:
Null pointer constant.
The macro shall expand to an integer constant expression with the
value 0 cast to type
- offsetof(type, member-designator)
Integer constant expression of type
the value of which is the offset in bytes to the structure member
(member-designator), from the beginning of its structure
header shall define the following types:
Signed integer type of the result of subtracting two pointers.
Integer type whose range of values can represent distinct codes for
all members of the largest extended character set specified among the
supported locales; the null character shall have the code value zero. Each
member of the basic character set shall have a code value equal to its
value when used as the lone character in an integer character constant
if an implementation does not define __STDC_MB_MIGHT_NEQ_WC__.
Unsigned integer type of the result of the
The implementation shall support one or more programming environments
in which the widths of
are no greater than the width of type
The names of these programming environments can be obtained using the
function or the
The following sections are informative.
The ISO C standard does not require the NULL macro to include the cast to type
and specifies that the NULL macro be implementation-defined. POSIX.1-2008
requires the cast and therefore need not be implementation-defined.
The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1-2017,
The Shell and Utilities volume of POSIX.1-2017,
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition,
Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.
In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear
in this page are most likely
to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to
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