Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: July 2014
col - filter reverse line feeds from input
filters out reverse (and half-reverse) line feeds so the output is in the
correct order, with only forward and half-forward line feeds. It also replaces
any whitespace characters with tabs where possible. This can be useful in
processing the output of
reads from standard input and writes to standard output.
- -b, --no-backspaces
Do not output any backspaces, printing only the last character written to
each column position.
- -f, --fine
Permit half-forward line feeds.
Normally characters destined for a half-line boundary are printed on the
- -h, --tabs
Output tabs instead of multiple spaces.
- -l, --lines number
Buffer at least
lines in memory. By default, 128 lines are buffered.
- -p, --pass
Force unknown control sequences to be passed through unchanged. Normally
will filter out any control sequences other than those
recognized and interpreted by itself, which are listed below.
- -x, --spaces
Output multiple spaces instead of tabs.
- -V, --version
Display version information and exit.
- -H, --help
Display help text and exit.
The control sequences for carriage motion that
understands and their decimal values are listed in the following table:
reverse line feed (escape then 7)
half reverse line feed (escape then 8)
half forward line feed (escape then 9)
moves back one column (8); ignored in the first column
forward line feed (10); also does carriage return
- carriage return
- shift in
shift to normal character set (15)
- shift out
shift to alternate character set (14)
moves forward one column (32)
moves forward to next tab stop (9)
- vertical tab
reverse line feed (11)
All unrecognized control characters and escape sequences are discarded.
keeps track of the character set as characters are read and makes sure the
character set is correct when they are output.
If the input attempts to back up to the last flushed line,
will display a warning message.
utility conforms to the Single UNIX Specification, Version 2. The
option is an extension to the standard.
command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
The col command is part of the util-linux package and is available from
Linux Kernel Archive