Section: OFFIS DCMTK (1)
Updated: Thu Nov 29 2018
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dcmdjpeg - Decode JPEG-compressed DICOM file



dcmdjpeg [options] dcmfile-in dcmfile-out



The dcmdjpeg utility reads a JPEG-compressed DICOM image (dcmfile-in), decompresses the JPEG data (i. e. conversion to a native DICOM transfer syntax) and writes the converted image to an output file (dcmfile-out).  


dcmfile-in   DICOM input filename to be converted

dcmfile-out  DICOM output filename




general options

  -h    --help
          print this help text and exit

          print version information and exit

          print expanded command line arguments

  -q    --quiet
          quiet mode, print no warnings and errors

  -v    --verbose
          verbose mode, print processing details

  -d    --debug
          debug mode, print debug information

  -ll   --log-level  [l]evel: string constant
          (fatal, error, warn, info, debug, trace)
          use level l for the logger

  -lc   --log-config  [f]ilename: string
          use config file f for the logger


input options

input file format:

  +f    --read-file
          read file format or data set (default)

  +fo   --read-file-only
          read file format only

  -f    --read-dataset
          read data set without file meta information

  # This option allows one to decompress JPEG compressed DICOM objects that
  # have been stored as dataset without meta-header. Such a thing should
  # not exist since the transfer syntax cannot be reliably determined,
  # without meta-header but unfortunately it does.


processing options

color space conversion:

  +cp   --conv-photometric
          convert if YCbCr photometric interpretation (default)

  # If the compressed image uses YBR_FULL or YBR_FULL_422 photometric
  # interpretation, convert to RGB during decompression.

  +cl   --conv-lossy
          convert YCbCr to RGB if lossy JPEG

  # If the compressed image is encoded in lossy JPEG, assume YCbCr
  # color model and convert to RGB.

  +cg   --conv-guess
          convert to RGB if YCbCr is guessed by library

  # If the underlying JPEG library "guesses" the color space of the
  # compressed image to be YCbCr, convert to RGB.

  +cgl  --conv-guess-lossy
          convert to RGB if lossy JPEG and YCbCr is
          guessed by the underlying JPEG library

  # If the compressed image is encoded in lossy JPEG and the underlying
  # JPEG library "guesses" the color space to be YCbCr, convert to RGB.

  +ca   --conv-always
          always convert YCbCr to RGB

  # If the compressed image is a color image, assume YCbCr color model
  # and convert to RGB.

  +cn   --conv-never
          never convert color space

  # Never convert color space during decompression.

planar configuration:

  +pa   --planar-auto
          automatically determine planar configuration
          from SOP class and color space (default)

  # If the compressed image is a color image, store in color-by-plane
  # planar configuration if required by the SOP class and photometric
  # interpretation. Hardcopy Color images are always stored color-by-
  # plane, and the revised Ultrasound image objects are stored color-by-
  # plane if the color model is YBR_FULL.  Everything else is stored
  # color-by-pixel.

  +px   --color-by-pixel
          always store color-by-pixel

  # If the compressed image is a color image, store in color-by-pixel
  # planar configuration.

  +pl   --color-by-plane
          always store color-by-plane

  # If the compressed image is a color image, store in color-by-plane
  # planar configuration.

SOP Instance UID:

  +ud   --uid-default
          keep same SOP Instance UID (default)

  #  Never assigns a new SOP instance UID.

  +ua   --uid-always
          always assign new UID

  # Always assigns a new SOP instance UID.

workaround options for incorrect JPEG encodings:

  +w6   --workaround-pred6
          enable workaround for JPEG lossless images
          with overflow in predictor 6

  # DICOM images with 16 bits/pixel have been observed "in the wild"
  # that are compressed with lossless JPEG and need special handling
  # because the encoder produced an 16-bit integer overflow in predictor
  # 6, which needs to be compensated (reproduced) during decompression.
  # This flag enables a correct decompression of such faulty images, but
  # at the same time will cause an incorrect decompression of correctly
  # compressed images. Use with care.

  +wi   --workaround-incpl
          enable workaround for incomplete JPEG data

  # This option causes dcmjpeg to ignore incomplete JPEG data
  # at the end of a compressed fragment and to start decompressing
  # the next frame from the next fragment (if any). This permits
  # images with incomplete JPEG data to be decoded.

  +wc   --workaround-cornell
          enable workaround for 16-bit JPEG lossless
          Cornell images with Huffman table overflow

  # One of the first open-source implementations of lossless JPEG
  # compression, the "Cornell" library, has a well-known bug that leads
  # to invalid values in the Huffmann table when images with 16 bit/sample
  # are compressed. This flag enables a workaround that permits such
  # images to be decoded correctly..fi


output options

output file format:

  +F    --write-file
          write file format (default)

  -F    --write-dataset
          write data set without file meta information

output transfer syntax:

  +te   --write-xfer-little
          write with explicit VR little endian (default)

  +tb   --write-xfer-big
          write with explicit VR big endian TS

  +ti   --write-xfer-implicit
          write with implicit VR little endian TS

post-1993 value representations:

  +u    --enable-new-vr
          enable support for new VRs (UN/UT) (default)

  -u    --disable-new-vr
          disable support for new VRs, convert to OB

group length encoding:

  +g=   --group-length-recalc
          recalculate group lengths if present (default)

  +g    --group-length-create
          always write with group length elements

  -g    --group-length-remove
          always write without group length elements

length encoding in sequences and items:

  +e    --length-explicit
          write with explicit lengths (default)

  -e    --length-undefined
          write with undefined lengths

data set trailing padding (not with --write-dataset):

  -p=   --padding-retain
          do not change padding (default if not --write-dataset)

  -p    --padding-off
          no padding (implicit if --write-dataset)

  +p    --padding-create  [f]ile-pad [i]tem-pad: integer
          align file on multiple of f bytes
          and items on multiple of i bytes



dcmdjpeg supports the following transfer syntaxes for input (dcmfile-in):

LittleEndianImplicitTransferSyntax             1.2.840.10008.1.2
LittleEndianExplicitTransferSyntax             1.2.840.10008.1.2.1
DeflatedExplicitVRLittleEndianTransferSyntax   1.2.840.10008. (*)
BigEndianExplicitTransferSyntax                1.2.840.10008.1.2.2
JPEGProcess1TransferSyntax                     1.2.840.10008.
JPEGProcess2_4TransferSyntax                   1.2.840.10008.
JPEGProcess6_8TransferSyntax                   1.2.840.10008.
JPEGProcess10_12TransferSyntax                 1.2.840.10008.
JPEGProcess14TransferSyntax                    1.2.840.10008.
JPEGProcess14SV1TransferSyntax                 1.2.840.10008.

(*) if compiled with zlib support enabled

dcmdjpeg supports the following transfer syntaxes for output (dcmfile-out):

LittleEndianImplicitTransferSyntax             1.2.840.10008.1.2
LittleEndianExplicitTransferSyntax             1.2.840.10008.1.2.1
BigEndianExplicitTransferSyntax                1.2.840.10008.1.2.2



The level of logging output of the various command line tools and underlying libraries can be specified by the user. By default, only errors and warnings are written to the standard error stream. Using option --verbose also informational messages like processing details are reported. Option --debug can be used to get more details on the internal activity, e.g. for debugging purposes. Other logging levels can be selected using option --log-level. In --quiet mode only fatal errors are reported. In such very severe error events, the application will usually terminate. For more details on the different logging levels, see documentation of module 'oflog'.

In case the logging output should be written to file (optionally with logfile rotation), to syslog (Unix) or the event log (Windows) option --log-config can be used. This configuration file also allows for directing only certain messages to a particular output stream and for filtering certain messages based on the module or application where they are generated. An example configuration file is provided in <etcdir>/logger.cfg.  


All command line tools use the following notation for parameters: square brackets enclose optional values (0-1), three trailing dots indicate that multiple values are allowed (1-n), a combination of both means 0 to n values.

Command line options are distinguished from parameters by a leading '+' or '-' sign, respectively. Usually, order and position of command line options are arbitrary (i.e. they can appear anywhere). However, if options are mutually exclusive the rightmost appearance is used. This behavior conforms to the standard evaluation rules of common Unix shells.

In addition, one or more command files can be specified using an '@' sign as a prefix to the filename (e.g. @command.txt). Such a command argument is replaced by the content of the corresponding text file (multiple whitespaces are treated as a single separator unless they appear between two quotation marks) prior to any further evaluation. Please note that a command file cannot contain another command file. This simple but effective approach allows one to summarize common combinations of options/parameters and avoids longish and confusing command lines (an example is provided in file <datadir>/dumppat.txt).  


The dcmdjpeg utility will attempt to load DICOM data dictionaries specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. By default, i.e. if the DCMDICTPATH environment variable is not set, the file <datadir>/dicom.dic will be loaded unless the dictionary is built into the application (default for Windows).

The default behavior should be preferred and the DCMDICTPATH environment variable only used when alternative data dictionaries are required. The DCMDICTPATH environment variable has the same format as the Unix shell PATH variable in that a colon (':') separates entries. On Windows systems, a semicolon (';') is used as a separator. The data dictionary code will attempt to load each file specified in the DCMDICTPATH environment variable. It is an error if no data dictionary can be loaded.  




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general options
input options
processing options
output options