Section: dpkg suite (1)
dpkg-parsechangelog - parse Debian changelog files
reads and parses the changelog of an unpacked Debian source tree and
outputs the information in it to standard output in a machine-readable
- -l, --file changelog-file
Specifies the changelog file to read information from.
A '-' can be used to specify reading from standard input.
The default is
- -F changelog-format
Specifies the format of the changelog. By default the format is read
from a special line near the bottom of the changelog or failing that
defaults to the debian standard format. See also
- -L libdir
Obsolete option without effect (since dpkg 1.18.8).
Setting the perl environment variables PERL5LIB or PERLLIB
has a similar effect when looking for the parser perl modules.
- -S, --show-field field
Specifies the name of the field to show (since dpkg 1.17.0).
The field name is not printed, only its value.
- -?, --help
Show the usage message and exit.
Show the version and exit.
The following options can be used to influence the output of
the changelog parser, e.g. the range of entries or the format
of the output.
- --format output-format
Set the output format. Currently supported values are
dpkg and rfc822.
dpkg is the classic output format (from before this
option existed) and the default. It consists of one paragraph
in Debian control format (see deb-control(5)). If more
than one entry is requested, then most fields are taken from the
first entry (usually the most recent entry), except otherwise stated:
- Source: pkg-name
- Version: version
- Distribution: target-distribution
- Urgency: urgency
The highest urgency of all included entries is used, followed by the
concatenated (space-separated) comments from all the versions requested.
- Maintainer: author
- Date: date
The date of the entry as a string, as it appears in the changelog.
With a strptime(3) format "%a, %d %b %Y %T %z", but where the
day of the week might not actually correspond to the real day obtained
from the rest of the date string.
If you need a more accurate representation of the date, use the
Timestamp field, but take into account it might not be possible to
map it back to the exact value in this field.
- Timestamp: timestamp
The date of the entry as a timestamp in seconds since the epoch
(since dpkg 1.18.8).
- Closes: bug-number
The Closes fields of all included entries are merged.
- Changes: changelog-entries
The text of all changelog entries is concatenated. To make
this field a valid Debian control format multiline field
empty lines are replaced with a single full stop and all lines
is intended by one space character. The exact content depends
on the changelog format.
The Version, Distribution, Urgency, Maintainer and
Changes fields are mandatory.
There might be additional user-defined fields present.
The rfc822 format uses the same fields but outputs
a separate paragraph for each changelog entry so that all
metadata for each entry is preserved.
Include all changes in reverse order (since dpkg 1.19.1).
Note: for the dpkg format the first entry will be the most ancient entry.
Include all changes. Note: other options have no effect when this is in use.
- -s, --since version
Include all changes later than version.
- -u, --until version
Include all changes earlier than version.
- -f, --from version
Include all changes equal or later than version.
- -t, --to version
Include all changes up to or equal than version.
- -c, --count number
Include number entries from the top (or the tail
if number is lower than 0).
- -o, --offset number
Change the starting point for --count, counted from the top
(or the tail if number is lower than 0).
It is possible to use a different format to the standard one, by providing
a parser for that alternative format.
In order to have dpkg-parsechangelog run the new parser, a line must
be included within the last 40 lines of the changelog file, matching the Perl
regular expression: "\schangelog-format:\s+([0-9a-z]+)\W".
The part in parentheses should be the name of the format. For example:
@@@ changelog-format: otherformat @@@
Changelog format names are non-empty strings of lowercase alphanumerics
If such a line exists then dpkg-parsechangelog will look for
the parser as a Dpkg::Changelog::Otherformat perl module;
it is an error for it not being present.
The parser name in the perl module will be automatically capitalized.
The default changelog format is debian, and a parser for it is
provided by default.
The parser should be derived from the Dpkg::Changelog class and implement
the required documented interface.
If the changelog format which is being parsed always or almost always
leaves a blank line between individual change notes, these blank lines
should be stripped out, so as to make the resulting output compact.
If the changelog format does not contain date or package name information
this information should be omitted from the output. The parser should not
attempt to synthesize it or find it from other sources.
If the changelog does not have the expected format the parser should
error out, rather than trying to muddle through and possibly generating
A changelog parser may not interact with the user at all.
All Parser Options
except for -v
are only supported
since dpkg 1.14.16.
Short option parsing with non-bundled values available only since dpkg 1.18.0.
Sets the color mode (since dpkg 1.18.5).
The currently accepted values are: auto (default), always and
If set, it will be used to decide whether to activate Native Language Support,
also known as internationalization (or i18n) support (since dpkg 1.19.0).
The accepted values are: 0 and 1 (default).
The changelog file, used to obtain version-dependent information about
the source package, such as the urgency and distribution of an upload,
the changes made since a particular release, and the source version