Section: Gutenprint Manual Pages (1)
Updated: 06 Dec 2020
escputil - maintain Epson Stylus inkjet printers
[ -P printer
| -r device
] [ -m model
] [ -C
] [ -p
] [ -c
] [ -q
is a command line utility to perform various maintenance tasks
on Epson Stylus inkjet printers. These tasks include head alignment, head
cleaning, nozzle check, printer identification, and retrieval of ink level from
accepts the following options:
- -P, --printer-name=printer
Specify the name of the printer to operate on. The default is the default
- -r, --raw-device=device
Specify the name of the device to write to directly rather than going through a
printer queue. You must use this (rather than specifying a printer) when
retrieving ink levels or identifying the printer, or if you wish to perform
head alignment without specifying the printer model.
- -m, --model=model
Specify the precise printer model for head alignment.
- -u, --new
The printer is a new printer (Stylus Color 740 or newer).
- -S, --short-name
Print the short name of the printer with --identify.
- -C, --choices
Specify the number of pattern choices for alignment.
- -p, --patterns
Specify the number of sets of patterns for alignment.
- -c, --clean-head
Clean the print head. This can also be performed from the printer
- -n, --nozzle-check
Print a nozzle test pattern. Dirty or clogged nozzles will show as gaps in the
pattern. If you see any gaps, you should run a head cleaning pass or two.
- -a, --align-head
Align the print head. CAUTION: Misuse of this option may result in poor print
quality and/or damage to the printer. You must either specify the printer
model with the -m option, or use the raw printer device to allow escputil to
detect the printer model.
- -i, --ink-level
Obtain the ink level from the printer. This requires
read/write access to the raw printer device.
- -d, --identify
Query the printer for make and model information.
This requires read/write access to the raw printer
- -o, --align-color
Align the color print head (used by Stylus Color 480 and 580 only). CAUTION:
Misuse of this option may result in poor print quality and/or damage to the
- -s, --status
Retrieve printer status.
- -l, --license
Display the license/warranty terms of this program.
- -M, --list-models
List the supported printer models.
- -h, --help
Display a list of all command line options.
- -q, --quiet
Suppress the banner.
USB-connected printers sometimes fail to identify or return ink levels. You
may have to repeat the command. This is probably a timing issue in escputil,
not a flaw in the printer.
Anything requiring bidirectional communication with the printer (identify, ink
levels, or head alignment without specifying the printer model) requires
read/write access to the printer port (for example /dev/lp0). This may require
these operations to be performed as root. In addition, kernel support is
required for bidirectional communication. For Linux version 2.2,
CONFIG_PRINTER_READBACK should be enabled; this is called
CONFIG_PARPORT_1284 on 2.4 and later kernels.
If the printer is performing self-test or head cleaning on power up, the
identify and ink level commands will time out, although the printer
successfully receives the command. The command will need to be reissued when
the printer is quiescent.
Copyright © 2000 Robert Krawitz (email@example.com
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
any later version.
The homepage of the Gutenprint project from which this utility was
contributed is located at http://gimp-print.sourceforge.net/.