Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: 12 July 1998
hexedit - view and edit files in hexadecimal or in ASCII
[-s | --sector] [-m | --maximize] [-l<n> | --linelength <n>] [-h | --help] [filename]
shows a file both in ASCII and in hexadecimal. The file can be a device
as the file is read a piece at a time. You can modify the file and search through it.
- -s, --sector
Format the display to have entire sectors.
- -m, --maximize
Try to maximize the display.
This feature is only available if your operating system supports it.
- -l<n>, --linelength <n>
Explicitly set the number of bytes to display per line to <n>.
- -h, --help
Show the usage.
<, > : go to start/end of the file
Right: next character
Left: previous character
Down: next line
Up: previous line
Home: beginning of line
End: end of line
PUp: page forward
PDown: page backward
F3: load file
Ctrl-X: save and exit
Ctrl-C: exit without saving
Tab: toggle hex/ascii
Return: go to
Backspace: undo previous character
Ctrl-U: undo all
Ctrl-S: search forward
Ctrl-R: search backward
Ctrl-Space: set mark
Esc-Y: paste into a file
COMMANDS (full and detailed)
- move the cursor.
- move the cursor.
- move n times the cursor.
- move n times the cursor.
- move n times the cursor.
- go the beginning of the line.
- go to the end of the line.
o Page up
- go up in the file by one page.
o Page down
- go down in the file by one page.
- go to the beginning of the file.
- go to the end of the file (for regular files that have a size).
- suspend hexedit.
- undo all (forget the modifications).
- read next input character and insert it (this is useful for
inserting control characters and bound keys).
- toggle between ASCII and hexadecimal.
- search forward (in ASCII or in hexadecimal, use TAB
- search backward.
- go to a position in the file.
- go to a sector in the file if --sector
is used, otherwise go
to a position in the file.
- display the page starting at the current cursor position.
- save the modifications.
- help (show the man page).
- open another file
- redisplay (refresh) the display (useful when your terminal screws up).
- undo the modifications made on the previous byte.
- undo the modifications made on the previous bytes.
- set mark where cursor is.
- copy selected region.
- paste (yank) previously copied region.
- save previously copied region to a file.
- fill the selection with a string
- truncate the file at the current location
- unconditional quit (without saving).
For the Esc commands, it sometimes works to use Alt instead of
Esc. Funny things here (especially for froggies :) egrave = Alt+H ,
ccedilla = Alt+G, Alt+Y = ugrave.
At the bottom of the display you have the modeline (copied from emacs). As in
emacs, you have the indications --, ** and %% meaning unmodified, modified and
read-only. Then you have the name of the file you're currently editing. Next to
it is the current position of the cursor in the file followed by the total file
size. The total file size isn't quite correct for devices.
While in --sector mode, it shows the sector the cursor is in.
You can edit in ASCII or in hexadecimal. You can switch between the two with
. When the file is read-only, you can't edit it. When trying to edit a
read-only file, a message "File is read-only" tells you it is non-writable.
The modifications are shown in bold until they are saved.
The modeline indicates whether you have modified the file or not.
When editing in hexadecimal, only 0
Other keys are unbound. The first time you hit an unbound key, the help pops up.
It won't pop again unless you call the help directly (with F1
When editing in ascii, you can find it difficult to enter characters like
which are bound to a function. The solution is to use the quoted insert
, the key after the quoted insert function is not processed
(like emacs' quoted-insert, or like the \ character in C).
You can search for a string in ASCII or in hexadecimal. You can switch
between the two with Tab
. If the string is found, the cursor is moved to
the beginning of the matching location. If the search failed, a message "not found"
tells you so. You can cancel the search by pressing a key.
The search in hexadecimal is a bit confusing. You must give a hexadecimal string
with an even number of characters. The search can then be done byte by byte. If
you want to search a long number (eg: a 32 bit number), you must know the
internal representation of that number (little/big endian problem) and give it
the way it is in memory. For example, on an Intel processor (little endian), you
must swap every bytes: 0x12345678 is written 0x78563412 in memory and that's the
string you must give to the search engine.
Before searching you are asked if you want to save the changes, if the file is
For more sophisticated search, see Volker Schatz's patch at
Selecting, copying, pasting, filling
First, select the part of the buffer you want to copy: start setting the mark
where you want. Then go to the end of the area you want to copy (you can use the
go to function and the search functions). Then copy it. You can then paste the
copied area in the current file or in another file.
You can also fill the selected area with a string or a character: start choosing
the block you want to fill in (set mark then move to the end of the block), and
call the fill function (F12). hexedit ask you the string you want to
fill the block with.
The code is not tuned for huge filling as it keeps the modifications in memory
until you save them. That's why hexedit will warn you if you try to fill
in a big block.
When the mark is set, the selection is shown in reverse mode.
Be aware that the copied area contains the modifications done at the time of the
copy. But if you undo the modifications, it does not change the content of the
copy buffer. It seems obvious but it's worth saying.
The scrolling is different whether you are in --sector
mode or not. In
normal mode, the scrolling is line by line. In sector mode, the scrolling is
sector by sector. In both modes, you can force the display to start at a given
position using Esc+L
Pixel (Pascal Rigaux) <firstname.lastname@example.org
Home page is <http://rigaux.org/
is Open Source; anyone may redistribute copies of
anyone under the terms stated in the GNU General Public License.
You can find
Anything you think could be nice...
There are problems with the curses library given with Redhat 5.0 that make
think the terminal is huge. The result is that hexedit is
The shortcuts work on some machines, and not on others. That's why there are
many shortcuts for each function. The Ctrl+Arrows and the Alt+. do not work
work as they should most of the time. On SUNs, you must do Ctrl+V-Ctrl+V instead
of Ctrl+V (!); and the Alt key is the diamond one.
While searching, it could be interesting to know which position the search has
reached. It's always nice to see something moving to help waiting.
The hexadecimal search could be able to search modulo 4 bits instead of 8 bits.
Another feature could be to complete padd odd length hexadecimal searches with
I have an example where the display is completely screwed up. It seems to be a
bug in ncurses (or maybe in xterm and rxvt)?? Don't know if it's me using
ncurses badly or not... It seems to happen when hexedit
leaves only one
space at the end of the lines... If anyone has a (or the) solution, please tell
If you have any problem with the program (even a small one), please do report it
to me. Remarks of any kind are also welcome.