NPM

Section: (1)
Updated: December 2019
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NAME

npm - javascript package manager  

Synopsis

npm <command> [args]
 

Version

6.13.4  

Description

npm is the package manager for the Node JavaScript platform. It puts modules in place so that node can find them, and manages dependency conflicts intelligently.

It is extremely configurable to support a wide variety of use cases. Most commonly, it is used to publish, discover, install, and develop node programs.

Run npm help to get a list of available commands.  

Important

npm is configured to use npm, Inc.'s public registry at https://registry.npmjs.org by default. Use of the npm public registry is subject to terms of use available at https://www.npmjs.com/policies/terms.

You can configure npm to use any compatible registry you like, and even run your own registry. Use of someone else's registry may be governed by their terms of use.  

Introduction

You probably got npm because you want to install stuff.

Use npm install blerg to install the latest version of "blerg". Check out npm help install for more info. It can do a lot of stuff.

Use the npm search command to show everything that's available. Use npm ls to show everything you've installed.  

Dependencies

If a package references to another package with a git URL, npm depends on a preinstalled git.

If one of the packages npm tries to install is a native node module and requires compiling of C++ Code, npm will use node-gyp https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp for that task. For a Unix system, node-gyp https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp needs Python, make and a buildchain like GCC. On Windows, Python and Microsoft Visual Studio C++ are needed. Python 3 is not supported by node-gyp https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp. For more information visit the node-gyp repository https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp and the node-gyp Wiki https://github.com/TooTallNate/node-gyp/wiki.  

Directories

See npm help folders to learn about where npm puts stuff.

In particular, npm has two modes of operation:

global mode: npm installs packages into the install prefix at prefix/lib/node_modules and bins are installed in prefix/bin.
local mode: npm installs packages into the current project directory, which defaults to the current working directory. Packages are installed to ./node_modules, and bins are installed to ./node_modules/.bin.

Local mode is the default. Use -g or --global on any command to operate in global mode instead.  

Developer Usage

If you're using npm to develop and publish your code, check out the following help topics:

json: Make a package.json file. See npm help package.json.
link: For linking your current working code into Node's path, so that you don't have to reinstall every time you make a change. Use npm link to do this.
install: It's a good idea to install things if you don't need the symbolic link. Especially, installing other peoples code from the registry is done via npm install
adduser: Create an account or log in. Credentials are stored in the user config file.
publish: Use the npm publish command to upload your code to the registry.

 

Configuration

npm is extremely configurable. It reads its configuration options from 5 places.

Command line switches: Set a config with --key val. All keys take a value, even if they are booleans (the config parser doesn't know what the options are at the time of parsing). If no value is provided, then the option is set to boolean true.
Environment Variables: Set any config by prefixing the name in an environment variable with npm_config_. For example, export npm_config_key=val.
User Configs: The file at $HOME/.npmrc is an ini-formatted list of configs. If present, it is parsed. If the userconfig option is set in the cli or env, then that will be used instead.
Global Configs: The file found at ../etc/npmrc (from the node executable, by default this resolves to /usr/local/etc/npmrc) will be parsed if it is found. If the globalconfig option is set in the cli, env, or user config, then that file is parsed instead.
Defaults: npm's default configuration options are defined in lib/utils/config-defs.js. These must not be changed.

See npm help config for much much more information.  

Contributions

Patches welcome!

If you would like to contribute, but don't know what to work on, read the contributing guidelines and check the issues list.

CONTRIBUTING.md https://github.com/npm/cli/blob/latest/CONTRIBUTING.md
Bug tracker https://github.com/npm/cli/issues

 

Bugs

When you find issues, please report them:

web: https://npm.community/c/bugs

Be sure to follow the template and bug reporting guidelines. You can also ask for help in the support forum https://npm.community/c/support if you're unsure if it's actually a bug or are having trouble coming up with a detailed reproduction to report.  

Author

Isaac Z. Schlueter http://blog.izs.me/ :: isaacs https://github.com/isaacs/ :: @izs https://twitter.com/izs :: i@izs.me  

See Also

npm help help
npm help package.json
npm help install
npm help config
npm help npmrc


 

Index

NAME
Synopsis
Version
Description
Important
Introduction
Dependencies
Directories
Developer Usage
Configuration
Contributions
Bugs
Author
See Also
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man1