Section: Perl Programmers Reference Guide (1)
perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl
These are a few notes describing features peculiar to
Plan 9 Perl. As such, it is not intended to be a replacement
for the rest of the Perl 5 documentation (which is both
copious and excellent). If you have any questions to
which you can't find answers in these man pages, contact
Luther Huffman at email@example.com
and we'll try to
Perl is invoked from the command line as described in
perl. Most perl scripts, however, do have a first line
such as ``#!/usr/local/bin/perl''. This is known as a shebang
(shell-bang) statement and tells the OS
shell where to find
the perl interpreter. In Plan 9 Perl this statement should be
``#!/bin/perl'' if you wish to be able to directly invoke the
script by its name.
Alternatively, you may invoke perl with the command ``Perl''
instead of ``perl''. This will produce Acme-friendly error
messages of the form ``filename:18''.
Some scripts, usually identified with a *.PL extension, are
self-configuring and are able to correctly create their own
shebang path from config information located in Plan 9
Perl. These you won't need to be worried about.
What's in Plan 9 Perl
Although Plan 9 Perl currently only provides static
loading, it is built with a number of useful extensions.
These include Opcode, FileHandle, Fcntl, and POSIX.
to see others (and DynaLoading!) in the future.
What's not in Plan 9 Perl
As mentioned previously, dynamic loading isn't currently
available nor is MakeMaker. Both are high-priority items.
Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
Some, such as "chown"
because the concept does not exist within Plan 9. Others,
such as some of the socket-related functions, simply
haven't been written yet. Many in the latter category
may be supported in the future.
The functions not currently implemented include:
chown, chroot, dbmclose, dbmopen, getsockopt,
setsockopt, recvmsg, sendmsg, getnetbyname,
getnetbyaddr, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent,
sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent,
endservent, endnetent, endprotoent, umask
There may be several other functions that have undefined
behavior so this list shouldn't be considered complete.
Signals in Plan 9 Perl
For compatibility with perl scripts written for the Unix
environment, Plan 9 Perl uses the POSIX
provided in Plan 9's ANSI POSIX
). Signal stacking
isn't supported. The signals provided are:
SIGHUP, SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGILL, SIGABRT,
SIGFPE, SIGKILL, SIGSEGV, SIGPIPE, SIGPIPE, SIGALRM,
SIGTERM, SIGUSR1, SIGUSR2, SIGCHLD, SIGCONT,
SIGSTOP, SIGTSTP, SIGTTIN, SIGTTOU
COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
to Plan 9 Perl, brave soul!
This is a preliminary alpha version of Plan 9 Perl. Still to be
implemented are MakeMaker and DynaLoader. Many perl commands are
missing or currently behave in an inscrutable manner. These gaps will,
with perseverance and a modicum of luck, be remedied in the near
future.To install this software:
1. Create the source directories and libraries for perl by running the
plan9/setup.rc command (i.e., located in the plan9 subdirectory).
Note: the setup routine assumes that you haven't dearchived these
files into /sys/src/cmd/perl. After running setup.rc you may delete
the copy of the source you originally detarred, as source code has now
been installed in /sys/src/cmd/perl. If you plan on installing perl
binaries for all architectures, run ``setup.rc -a''.
2. After making sure that you have adequate privileges to build system
software, from /sys/src/cmd/perl/5.00301 (adjust version
If you wish to install perl versions for all architectures (68020,
mips, sparc and 386) run:
3. Wait. The build process will take a *long* time because perl
bootstraps itself. A 75MHz Pentium, 16MB RAM machine takes roughly 30
minutes to build the distribution from scratch.
Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
This perl distribution comes with a tremendous amount of
documentation. To add these to the built-in manuals that come with
Plan 9, from /sys/src/cmd/perl/5.00301 (adjust version appropriately)
To begin your reading, start with:
This is a good introduction and will direct you towards other man
pages that may interest you.
(Note: ``mk man'' may produce some extraneous noise. Fear not.)
``As many as there are grains of sand on all the beaches of the
world . . .'' - Carl Sagan
This document was revised 09-October-1996 for Perl 5.003_7.
Direct questions, comments, and the unlikely bug report (ahem) direct
Luther Huffman, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Strategic Computer Solutions, Inc.