Picttoppm User Manual

Section: Misc. Reference Manual Pages (0)
Updated: 17 June 2006
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NAME

picttoppm - convert a Macintosh PICT file to a PPM

 

SYNOPSIS

picttoppm

[-verbose]

[-fullres]

[-noheader]

[-quickdraw] [-fontdir file]

[pictfile]

 

DESCRIPTION

This program is part of Netpbm(1)

picttoppm reads a PICT file (version 1 or 2) and outputs a PPM image.

PICT is an image format that was developed by Apple Computer in 1984 as the native format for Macintosh graphics. A PICT image is encoded in QuickDraw commands. The PICT format is a meta-format that can be used for both bitmap images and vector images. PICT is also known as 'Macintosh Picture' format, or the QuickDraw Picture format.

PICT files are primarily used to exchange graphics between various Macintosh applications.

In MacOS X, PDF replaces PICT as the main graphics format.

 

OPTIONS

-fontdir file
Make the list of BDF fonts in file available for use by picttoppm when drawing text. See below for the format of the fontdir file. This is in addition to the built-in fonts and those in the file fontdir.

-fullres
Force any images in the PICT file to be output with at least their full resolution. A PICT file may indicate that a contained image is to be scaled down before output. This option forces images to retain their sizes and prevent information loss. This option disables all PICT operations except images.

-noheader
Do not assume the first 512 bytes of the file are a header. All PICT files have such a header, but this is useful when you have PICT data that was not stored in the data fork of a PICT file.

-quickdraw
Execute only pure quickdraw operations. In particular, turn off the interpretation of special PostScript printer operations.

-verbose
Print a whole bunch of information about the PICT file and the conversion process that only picttoppm hackers really care about.

 

LIMITATIONS

The PICT file format is a general drawing format. picttoppm does not recognize all the drawing commands, but it does fully implement all image commands and mostly implement line, rectangle, polygon and text drawing. It is useful for converting scanned images and some drawing conversion.

With -fullres, picttoppm ignores text drawing commands. Beginning in Netpbm 10.45 (December 2008), it issues a warning message when it omits text for this reason.

 

FONTS

Some of the information in a PICT file is text, with a number indicating the font in which the text is supposed to rendered. picttoppm has one built-in font, but you can add others by directing picttoppm to BDF font files, which you do with font directory files.

picttoppm automatically uses the file named fontdir in the current directory, if it exists. You may specify an additional font directory file with the -fontdir option.

Obviously the font definitions are strongly related to the Macintosh. You can find more font numbers and information about fonts in Macintosh documentation.

 

FONT DIR FILE FORMAT

Each line in the file is either a comment or font information. A comment begins with #. The font information consists of 4 whitespace separated fields. The first is the font number, the second is the font size in pixels, the third is the font style and the fourth is the name of a BDF file containing the font. The BDF format is defined by the X Window System and is beyond the scope of this document.

The font number indicates the type face. Here is a list of known font numbers and their faces.

0
Chicago
1
application font
2
New York
3
Geneva
4
Monaco
5
Venice
6
London
7
Athens
8
San Franciso
9
Toronto
11
Cairo
12
Los Angeles
20
Times Roman
21
Helvetica
22
Courier
23
Symbol
24
Taliesin

The font style indicates a variation on the font. Multiple variations may apply to a font and the font style is the sum of the variation numbers which are:

1
Boldface
2
Italic
4
Underlined
8
Outlined
16
Shadow
32
Condensed
64
Extended

 

SEE ALSO

Inside Macintosh volumes 1 and 5, ppmtopict(1) , ppm(5)

 

AUTHOR

Copyright 1993 George Phillips  

DOCUMENT SOURCE

This manual page was generated by the Netpbm tool 'makeman' from HTML source. The master documentation is at
http://netpbm.sourceforge.net/doc/picttoppm.html


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
LIMITATIONS
FONTS
FONT DIR FILE FORMAT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
DOCUMENT SOURCE
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man1