Section: rrdtool (1)
rrdthreads - Provisions for linking the RRD library to use in multi-threaded programs
Using librrd in multi-threaded programs requires some extra
precautions, as the RRD
library in its original form was not
thread-safe at all. This document describes requirements and pitfalls
on the way to use the multi-threaded version of librrd in your own
programs. It also gives hints for future RRD
development to keep the
Currently only some RRD operations are implemented in a thread-safe
way. They all end in the usual ""_r"" suffix.
In order to use librrd in multi-threaded programs you must:
Link with librrd_th instead of librrd (use "-lrrd_th" when
Use the ""_r"" functions instead of the normal API-functions
Do not use any at-style time specifications. Parsing of such time
specifications is terribly non-thread-safe.
Never use non *"_r" functions unless it is explicitly documented that
the function is tread-safe.
Every thread SHOULD call "rrd_get_context()" before its first call to
any "librrd_th" function in order to set up thread specific data. This
is not strictly required, but it is the only way to test if memory
allocation can be done by this function. Otherwise the program may die
with a SIGSEGV in a low-memory situation.
Always call "rrd_error_clear()" before any call to the
library. Otherwise the call might fail due to some earlier error.
NOTES FOR RRD CONTRIBUTORS
Some precautions must be followed when developing RRD
from now on:
Only use thread-safe functions in library code. Many often used libc
functions aren't thread-safe. Take care in the following
situations or when using the following library functions:
Direct calls to "strerror()" must be avoided: use "rrd_strerror()"
instead, it provides a per-thread error message.
The "getpw*", "getgr*", "gethost*" function families (and some more
"get*" functions) are not thread-safe: use the *"_r" variants
Time functions: "asctime", "ctime", "gmtime", "localtime": use
"strtok": use "strtok_r"
"tmpnam": use "tmpnam_r"
Many others (lookup documentation)
A header file named rrd_is_thread_safe.h is provided
that works with the GNU C-preprocessor to ``poison'' some of the most
common non-thread-safe functions using the "#pragma GCC poison"
directive. Just include this header in source files you want to keep
Do not introduce global variables!
If you really, really have to use a global variable you may add a new
field to the "rrd_context" structure and modify rrd_error.c,
rrd_thread_safe.c and rrd_non_thread_safe.c
Do not use "getopt" or "getopt_long" in *"_r" (neither directly nor
"getopt" uses global variables and behaves badly in a multi-threaded
application when called concurrently. Instead provide a *_r function
taking all options as function parameters. You may provide argc and
**argv arguments for variable length argument lists. See
"rrd_update_r" as an example.
Do not use the "rrd_parsetime" function!
It uses lots of global variables. You may use it in functions not designed
to be thread-safe, like in functions wrapping the "_r" version of some
operation (e.g., "rrd_create", but not in "rrd_create_r")
CURRENTLY IMPLEMENTED THREAD SAFE FUNCTIONS
Currently there exist thread-safe variants of "rrd_update"
, and "rrd_fetch"
Peter Stamfest <email@example.com