Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (1)
snmpkey - Create SNMPv3 security keys for the Net::SNMP module
utility generates security keys based on a password and
an authoritativeEngineID passed on the command line. This key can then
be used by the Net::SNMP module instead of the plain text password when
creating SNMPv3 objects.
snmpkey <authProto> <password> <authEngineID> [<privProto> [<password>]]
The User-based Security Model used by SNMPv3 defines an algorithm which
``localizes'' a plain text password to a specific authoritativeEngineID using
a one-way hash. This resulting key is used by the SNMP
of the plain text password for security reasons.
The Net::SNMP module allows the user to either provide a plain text password
or a localized key to the object constructor when configuring authentication
or privacy. The "snmpkey" utility can be used to generate the key to be
used by the -authkey or -privkey named arguments when they are passed
to the Net::SNMP "session()" constructor.
utility requires at least three command line arguments. The
first argument defines which hash algorithm to use when creating the authKey.
can be specified with the string 'md5' or
'sha' respectively. This choice must match the algorithm passed to the
argument when creating the Net::SNMP object. The second
argument is the plain text password that is to be localized to create the
authKey. The third required argument is the authoritativeEngineID of the
engine associated with the Net::SNMP argument -hostname
authoritativeEngineID is to be entered as a hexadecimal string 10 to 64
characters (5 to 32 octets) long and can be prefixed with an optional ``0x''.
The last two arguments are optional and can be used to determine how the
privKey will be generated. By default, the fourth argument assumes a value
of 'des' corresponding to the default privacy protocol defined in the
User-based Security Model. The Net::SNMP module supports CBC-3DES-EDE and
CFB128-AES-128 as alternatives to the default protocol CBC-DES. These
protocols can be chosen by specifying the string '3des' or 'aes' respectively.
This choice must match the protocol passed to the -privprotocol argument
when creating the Net::SNMP object. The last argument can be used to specify
the plain text password that is to be localized to create the privKey. If
this argument is not specified, the authKey password is used.
David M. Town <firstname.lastname@example.org
LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2001-2009 David M. Town. All rights reserved.
This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.