Section: Windows on Unix (1)
Updated: October 2005
wineserver - the Wine server
is a daemon process that provides to Wine roughly the same services
that the Windows kernel provides on Windows.
is normally launched automatically when starting wine(1), so you
shouldn't have to worry about it. In some cases however, it can be
useful to start wineserver explicitly with different options, as
- -d[n], --debug[=n]
Set the debug level to
0 means no debugging information, 1 is the normal level, and 2 is for
extra verbose debugging. If
is not specified, the default is 1. The debug output will be sent to
stderr. wine(1) will automatically enable normal level debugging
when starting wineserver if the +server option is set in the
- -f, --foreground
Make the server remain in the foreground for easier debugging, for
instance when running it under a debugger.
- -h, --help
Display a help message.
- -k[n], --kill[=n]
Kill the currently running
optionally by sending signal n. If no signal is specified, sends
a SIGINT first and then a SIGKILL. The instance of wineserver
that is killed is selected based on the WINEPREFIX environment
- -p[n], --persistent[=n]
Specify the wineserver persistence delay, i.e. the amount of
time that the server will keep running when all client processes have
terminated. This avoids the cost of shutting down and starting again
when programs are launched in quick succession. The timeout n is
in seconds, the default value is 3 seconds. If n is not
specified, the server stays around forever.
- -v, --version
Display version information and exit.
- -w, --wait
Wait until the currently running
If set, the content of this variable is taken as the name of the directory where
stores its data (the default is $HOME/.wine). All
processes using the same
(i.e.: same user) share certain things like registry, shared memory
and kernel objects.
to different values for different Wine processes, it is possible to
run a number of truly independent Wine sessions.
Specifies the path and name of the
binary that will be launched automatically by wine. If not set,
wine will try to load
and if this doesn't exist it will then look for a file named
wineserver in the path and in a few other likely locations.
Directory containing user specific data managed by
Directory containing the server Unix socket and the lock
file. These files are created in a subdirectory generated from the
WINEPREFIX directory device and inode numbers.
The original author of
is Alexandre Julliard. Many other people have contributed new features
and bug fixes. For a complete list, see the git commit logs.
Bugs can be reported on the
Wine bug tracker
is part of the Wine distribution, which is available through WineHQ,
Wine development headquarters
Wine documentation and support