Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (1P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.
The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult
the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior),
or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
--- validate SCCS files (DEVELOPMENT
val [-s] [-m name] [-r SID] [-y type] file...
utility shall determine whether the specified
is an SCCS file meeting the characteristics specified by the options.
utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008,
, Utility Syntax Guidelines,
except that the usage of the
operand is not strictly as intended by the guidelines (that is, reading
options and operands from standard input).
The following options shall be supported:
- -m name
which is compared with the SCCS %M% keyword in
- -r SID
(SCCS Identification String), an SCCS delta number. A check shall be
made to determine whether the
is ambiguous (for example,
is ambiguous because it physically does not exist but implies 1.1, 1.2,
and so on, which may exist) or invalid (for example,
are invalid because neither case can exist as a valid delta number).
is valid and not ambiguous, a check shall be made to determine whether
it actually exists.
Silence the diagnostic message normally written to standard output for
any error that is detected while processing each named file on a given
- -y type
which shall be compared with the SCCS %Y% keyword in
The following operands shall be supported:
A pathname of an existing SCCS file. If exactly one
operand appears, and it is
the standard input shall be read: each line shall be independently
processed as if it were a command line argument list. (However, the
line is not subjected to any of the shell word expansions, such as
parameter expansion or quote removal.)
The standard input shall be a text file used only when the
operand is specified as
Any SCCS files processed shall be files of an unspecified format.
The following environment variables shall affect the execution of
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008,
Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables
for the precedence of internationalization variables used to determine
the values of locale categories.)
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the
other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of
text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to
multi-byte characters in arguments and input files).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and
contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error, and
informative messages written to standard output.
Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of
The standard output shall consist of informative messages about either:
Each file processed
Each command line read from standard input
If the standard input is not used, for each
operand yielding a discrepancy, the output line shall have the
"%s: %s\n", <pathname>, <unspecified string>
If the standard input is used, for each input line yielding a discrepancy,
the output shall have the following format:
"%s\n\n %s: %s\n", <input>, <pathname>, <unspecified string>
where <input> is the input line minus its terminating
The 8-bit code returned by
shall be a disjunction of the possible errors; that is, it can be
interpreted as a bit string where set bits are interpreted as follows:
|0x80||=||Missing file argument.|
|0x40||=||Unknown or duplicate option.|
|0x20||=||Corrupted SCCS file.|
|0x10||=||Cannot open file or file not SCCS.|
|0x08||=||SID is invalid or ambiguous.|
|0x04||=||SID does not exist.|
|0x02||=||%Y%, -y mismatch.|
|0x01||=||%M%, -m mismatch.|
can process two or more files on a given command line and can process
multiple command lines (when reading the standard input). In these
cases an aggregate code shall be returned: a logical OR of the codes
generated for each command line and file processed.
CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
The following sections are informative.
exit status sets the 0x80 bit, shell applications checking
cannot tell if it terminated due to a missing file argument or receipt
of a signal.
In a directory with three SCCS files---s.x
(a corrupted file)---the following command could produce the output
val - <<EOF
-y source s.x
-m y s.y
-y source s.x
s.x: %Y%, -y mismatch
s.z: corrupted SCCS file
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008,
Chapter 8, Environment Variables,
Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.
(This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
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