ssize_t cap_size(cap_t cap_p);
ssize_t cap_copy_ext(void *ext_p, cap_t cap_p, ssize_t size);
cap_t cap_copy_int(const void *ext_p);
cap_size() returns the total length (in bytes) that the capability state in working storage identified by cap_p would require when converted by cap_copy_ext(). This function is used primarily to determine the amount of buffer space that must be provided to the cap_copy_ext() function in order to hold the capability data record created from cap_p.
cap_copy_ext() copies a capability state in working storage, identified by cap_p, from system-managed space to user-managed space (pointed to by ext_p) and returns the length of the resulting data record. The size parameter represents the maximum size, in bytes, of the resulting data record. The cap_copy_ext() function will do any conversions necessary to convert the capability state from the undefined internal format to an exportable, contiguous, persistent data record. It is the responsibility of the user to allocate a buffer large enough to hold the copied data. The buffer length required to hold the copied data may be obtained by a call to the cap_size() function.
cap_copy_int() copies a capability state from a capability data record in user-managed space to a new capability state in working storage, allocating any memory necessary, and returning a pointer to the newly created capability state. The function initializes the capability state and then copies the capability state from the record pointed to by ext_p into the capability state, converting, if necessary, the data from a contiguous, persistent format to an undefined, internal format. Once copied into internal format, the object can be manipulated by the capability state manipulation functions (see cap_clear(3)). Note that the record pointed to by ext_p must have been obtained from a previous, successful call to cap_copy_ext() for this function to work successfully. The caller should free any releasable memory, when the capability state in working storage is no longer required, by calling cap_free() with the cap_t as an argument.
cap_copy_ext() returns the number of bytes placed in the user managed space pointed to by ext_p on success, and -1 on failure.
cap_copy_int() returns a pointer to the newly created capability state in working storage on success, and NULL on failure.