# dggsvd3.f

Section: LAPACK (3)
Updated: Tue Nov 14 2017
Page Index

dggsvd3.f

## SYNOPSIS

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine dggsvd3 (JOBU, JOBV, JOBQ, M, N, P, K, L, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHA, BETA, U, LDU, V, LDV, Q, LDQ, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, INFO)
DGGSVD3 computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dggsvd3 (character JOBU, character JOBV, character JOBQ, integer M, integer N, integer P, integer K, integer L, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, double precision, dimension( * ) ALPHA, double precision, dimension( * ) BETA, double precision, dimension( ldu, * ) U, integer LDU, double precision, dimension( ldv, * ) V, integer LDV, double precision, dimension( ldq, * ) Q, integer LDQ, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer INFO)

DGGSVD3 computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices

Purpose:

``` DGGSVD3 computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)
of an M-by-N real matrix A and P-by-N real matrix B:

U**T*A*Q = D1*( 0 R ),    V**T*B*Q = D2*( 0 R )

where U, V and Q are orthogonal matrices.
Let K+L = the effective numerical rank of the matrix (A**T,B**T)**T,
then R is a K+L-by-K+L nonsingular upper triangular matrix, D1 and
D2 are M-by-(K+L) and P-by-(K+L) "diagonal" matrices and of the
following structures, respectively:

If M-K-L >= 0,

K  L
D1 =     K ( I  0 )
L ( 0  C )
M-K-L ( 0  0 )

K  L
D2 =   L ( 0  S )
P-L ( 0  0 )

N-K-L  K    L
( 0 R ) = K (  0   R11  R12 )
L (  0    0   R22 )

where

C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(K+L) ),
S = diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(K+L) ),
C**2 + S**2 = I.

R is stored in A(1:K+L,N-K-L+1:N) on exit.

If M-K-L < 0,

K M-K K+L-M
D1 =   K ( I  0    0   )
M-K ( 0  C    0   )

K M-K K+L-M
D2 =   M-K ( 0  S    0  )
K+L-M ( 0  0    I  )
P-L ( 0  0    0  )

N-K-L  K   M-K  K+L-M
( 0 R ) =     K ( 0    R11  R12  R13  )
M-K ( 0     0   R22  R23  )
K+L-M ( 0     0    0   R33  )

where

C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(M) ),
S = diag( BETA(K+1),  ... , BETA(M) ),
C**2 + S**2 = I.

(R11 R12 R13 ) is stored in A(1:M, N-K-L+1:N), and R33 is stored
( 0  R22 R23 )
in B(M-K+1:L,N+M-K-L+1:N) on exit.

The routine computes C, S, R, and optionally the orthogonal
transformation matrices U, V and Q.

In particular, if B is an N-by-N nonsingular matrix, then the GSVD of
A and B implicitly gives the SVD of A*inv(B):
A*inv(B) = U*(D1*inv(D2))*V**T.
If ( A**T,B**T)**T  has orthonormal columns, then the GSVD of A and B is
also equal to the CS decomposition of A and B. Furthermore, the GSVD
can be used to derive the solution of the eigenvalue problem:
A**T*A x = lambda* B**T*B x.
In some literature, the GSVD of A and B is presented in the form
U**T*A*X = ( 0 D1 ),   V**T*B*X = ( 0 D2 )
where U and V are orthogonal and X is nonsingular, D1 and D2 are
``diagonal''.  The former GSVD form can be converted to the latter
form by taking the nonsingular matrix X as

X = Q*( I   0    )
( 0 inv(R) ).
```

Parameters:

JOBU

```          JOBU is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Orthogonal matrix U is computed;
= 'N':  U is not computed.
```

JOBV

```          JOBV is CHARACTER*1
= 'V':  Orthogonal matrix V is computed;
= 'N':  V is not computed.
```

JOBQ

```          JOBQ is CHARACTER*1
= 'Q':  Orthogonal matrix Q is computed;
= 'N':  Q is not computed.
```

M

```          M is INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix A.  M >= 0.
```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The number of columns of the matrices A and B.  N >= 0.
```

P

```          P is INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix B.  P >= 0.
```

K

```          K is INTEGER
```

L

```          L is INTEGER

On exit, K and L specify the dimension of the subblocks
described in Purpose.
K + L = effective numerical rank of (A**T,B**T)**T.
```

A

```          A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the M-by-N matrix A.
On exit, A contains the triangular matrix R, or part of R.
See Purpose for details.
```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
```

B

```          B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,N)
On entry, the P-by-N matrix B.
On exit, B contains the triangular matrix R if M-K-L < 0.
See Purpose for details.
```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,P).
```

ALPHA

```          ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
```

BETA

```          BETA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)

On exit, ALPHA and BETA contain the generalized singular
value pairs of A and B;
ALPHA(1:K) = 1,
BETA(1:K)  = 0,
and if M-K-L >= 0,
ALPHA(K+1:K+L) = C,
BETA(K+1:K+L)  = S,
or if M-K-L < 0,
ALPHA(K+1:M)=C, ALPHA(M+1:K+L)=0
BETA(K+1:M) =S, BETA(M+1:K+L) =1
and
ALPHA(K+L+1:N) = 0
BETA(K+L+1:N)  = 0
```

U

```          U is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDU,M)
If JOBU = 'U', U contains the M-by-M orthogonal matrix U.
If JOBU = 'N', U is not referenced.
```

LDU

```          LDU is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= max(1,M) if
JOBU = 'U'; LDU >= 1 otherwise.
```

V

```          V is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDV,P)
If JOBV = 'V', V contains the P-by-P orthogonal matrix V.
If JOBV = 'N', V is not referenced.
```

LDV

```          LDV is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array V. LDV >= max(1,P) if
JOBV = 'V'; LDV >= 1 otherwise.
```

Q

```          Q is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDQ,N)
If JOBQ = 'Q', Q contains the N-by-N orthogonal matrix Q.
If JOBQ = 'N', Q is not referenced.
```

LDQ

```          LDQ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= max(1,N) if
JOBQ = 'Q'; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.
```

WORK

```          WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
```

LWORK

```          LWORK is INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK.

If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
```

IWORK

```          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
On exit, IWORK stores the sorting information. More
precisely, the following loop will sort ALPHA
for I = K+1, min(M,K+L)
swap ALPHA(I) and ALPHA(IWORK(I))
endfor
such that ALPHA(1) >= ALPHA(2) >= ... >= ALPHA(N).
```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit.
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
> 0:  if INFO = 1, the Jacobi-type procedure failed to
converge.  For further details, see subroutine DTGSJA.
```

Internal Parameters:

```  TOLA    DOUBLE PRECISION
TOLB    DOUBLE PRECISION
TOLA and TOLB are the thresholds to determine the effective
rank of (A**T,B**T)**T. Generally, they are set to
TOLA = MAX(M,N)*norm(A)*MACHEPS,
TOLB = MAX(P,N)*norm(B)*MACHEPS.
The size of TOLA and TOLB may affect the size of backward
errors of the decomposition.
```

Author:

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Date:

August 2015

Contributors:

Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Further Details:

DGGSVD3 replaces the deprecated subroutine DGGSVD.

Definition at line 351 of file dggsvd3.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.