Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
memcpy - copy memory area
void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n);
function copies n
bytes from memory area
to memory area dest
The memory areas must not overlap.
if the memory areas do overlap.
function returns a pointer to dest
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD.
Failure to observe the requirement that the memory areas
do not overlap has been the source of significant bugs.
(POSIX and the C standards are explicit that employing
with overlapping areas produces undefined behavior.)
Most notably, in glibc 2.13
a performance optimization of
on some platforms (including x86-64) included changing the order
in which bytes were copied from
This change revealed breakages in a number of applications that performed
copying with overlapping areas.
Under the previous implementation,
the order in which the bytes were copied had fortuitously hidden the bug,
which was revealed when the copying order was reversed.
In glibc 2.14,
a versioned symbol was added so that old binaries
(i.e., those linked against glibc versions earlier than 2.14)
implementation that safely handles the overlapping buffers case
(by providing an "older"
implementation that was aliased to
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