In case of sd_bus_message_append_string_memfd(), the contents of memfd are the string. They must satisfy the same constraints as described for the "s" type in sd_bus_message_append_basic(3).
In case of sd_bus_message_append_string_iovec(), the payload of iov is the string. It must satisfy the same constraints as described for the "s" type in sd_bus_message_append_basic(3).
The iov argument must point to n struct iovec structures. Each structure may have the iov_base field set, in which case the memory pointed to will be copied into the message, or unset, in which case a block of spaces (ASCII 32) of length iov_len will be inserted. The memory pointed at by iov may be changed after this call.
The sd_bus_message_append_string_space() function appends space for a string to message m. It behaves similar to sd_bus_message_append_basic() with type "s", but instead of copying a string into the message, it returns a pointer to the destination area to the caller in pointer p. Space for the string of length size plus the terminating NUL is allocated.
Returned errors may indicate the following problems:
These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.