GMTIME

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (3P)
Updated: 2013
Page Index
 

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

 

NAME

gmtime, gmtime_r --- convert a time value to a broken-down UTC time  

SYNOPSIS

#include <time.h>

struct tm *gmtime(const time_t *timer);
struct tm *gmtime_r(const time_t *restrict timer,
    struct tm *restrict result);
 

DESCRIPTION

For gmtime(): The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

The gmtime() function shall convert the time in seconds since the Epoch pointed to by timer into a broken-down time, expressed as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

The relationship between a time in seconds since the Epoch used as an argument to gmtime() and the tm structure (defined in the <time.h> header) is that the result shall be as specified in the expression given in the definition of seconds since the Epoch (see the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, Section 4.15, Seconds Since the Epoch), where the names in the structure and in the expression correspond.

The same relationship shall apply for gmtime_r().

The gmtime() function need not be thread-safe.

The asctime(), ctime(), gmtime(), and localtime() functions shall return values in one of two static objects: a broken-down time structure and an array of type char. Execution of any of the functions may overwrite the information returned in either of these objects by any of the other functions.

The gmtime_r() function shall convert the time in seconds since the Epoch pointed to by timer into a broken-down time expressed as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The broken-down time is stored in the structure referred to by result. The gmtime_r() function shall also return the address of the same structure.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, the gmtime() function shall return a pointer to a struct tm. If an error is detected, gmtime() shall return a null pointer and set errno to indicate the error.

Upon successful completion, gmtime_r() shall return the address of the structure pointed to by the argument result. If an error is detected, gmtime_r() shall return a null pointer and set errno to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The gmtime() and gmtime_r() functions shall fail if:
EOVERFLOW
The result cannot be represented.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

None.  

APPLICATION USAGE

The gmtime_r() function is thread-safe and returns values in a user-supplied buffer instead of possibly using a static data area that may be overwritten by each call.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

asctime(), clock(), ctime(), difftime(), localtime(), mktime(), strftime(), strptime(), time(), utime()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, Section 4.15, Seconds Since the Epoch, <time.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .


 

Index

PROLOG
NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3p