#include <aio.h> int lio_listio(int mode, struct aiocb *restrict const list[restrict], int nent, struct sigevent *restrict sig);
The mode argument takes one of the values LIO_WAIT or LIO_NOWAIT declared in <aio.h> and determines whether the function returns when the I/O operations have been completed, or as soon as the operations have been queued. If the mode argument is LIO_WAIT, the function shall wait until all I/O is complete and the sig argument shall be ignored.
If the mode argument is LIO_NOWAIT, the function shall return immediately, and asynchronous notification shall occur, according to the sig argument, when all the I/O operations complete. If sig is NULL, then no asynchronous notification shall occur. If sig is not NULL, asynchronous notification occurs as specified in Section 2.4.1, Signal Generation and Delivery when all the requests in list have completed.
The I/O requests enumerated by list are submitted in an unspecified order.
The list argument is an array of pointers to aiocb structures. The array contains nent elements. The array may contain NULL elements, which shall be ignored.
If the buffer pointed to by list or the aiocb structures pointed to by the elements of the array list become illegal addresses before all asynchronous I/O completed and, if necessary, the notification is sent, then the behavior is undefined. If the buffers pointed to by the aio_buf member of the aiocb structure pointed to by the elements of the array list become illegal addresses prior to the asynchronous I/O associated with that aiocb structure being completed, the behavior is undefined.
The aio_lio_opcode field of each aiocb structure specifies the operation to be performed. The supported operations are LIO_READ, LIO_WRITE, and LIO_NOP; these symbols are defined in <aio.h>. The LIO_NOP operation causes the list entry to be ignored. If the aio_lio_opcode element is equal to LIO_READ, then an I/O operation is submitted as if by a call to aio_read() with the aiocbp equal to the address of the aiocb structure. If the aio_lio_opcode element is equal to LIO_WRITE, then an I/O operation is submitted as if by a call to aio_write() with the aiocbp equal to the address of the aiocb structure.
The aio_fildes member specifies the file descriptor on which the operation is to be performed.
The aio_buf member specifies the address of the buffer to or from which the data is transferred.
The aio_nbytes member specifies the number of bytes of data to be transferred.
The members of the aiocb structure further describe the I/O operation to be performed, in a manner identical to that of the corresponding aiocb structure when used by the aio_read() and aio_write() functions.
The nent argument specifies how many elements are members of the list; that is, the length of the array.
The behavior of this function is altered according to the definitions of synchronized I/O data integrity completion and synchronized I/O file integrity completion if synchronized I/O is enabled on the file associated with aio_fildes.
For regular files, no data transfer shall occur past the offset maximum established in the open file description associated with aiocbp->aio_fildes.
If sig->sigev_notify is SIGEV_THREAD and sig->sigev_notify_attributes is a non-null pointer and the block pointed to by this pointer becomes an illegal address prior to all asynchronous I/O being completed, then the behavior is undefined.
If the mode argument has the value LIO_WAIT, the lio_listio() function shall return the value zero when all the indicated I/O has completed successfully. Otherwise, lio_listio() shall return a value of -1 and set errno to indicate the error.
In either case, the return value only indicates the success or failure of the lio_listio() call itself, not the status of the individual I/O requests. In some cases one or more of the I/O requests contained in the list may fail. Failure of an individual request does not prevent completion of any other individual request. To determine the outcome of each I/O request, the application shall examine the error status associated with each aiocb control block. The error statuses so returned are identical to those returned as the result of an aio_read() or aio_write() function.
In addition to the errors returned by the lio_listio() function, if the lio_listio() function succeeds or fails with errors of [EAGAIN], [EINTR], or [EIO], then some of the I/O specified by the list may have been initiated. If the lio_listio() function fails with an error code other than [EAGAIN], [EINTR], or [EIO], no operations from the list shall have been initiated. The I/O operation indicated by each list element can encounter errors specific to the individual read or write function being performed. In this event, the error status for each aiocb control block contains the associated error code. The error codes that can be set are the same as would be set by a read() or write() function, with the following additional error codes possible:
The limitation on the set of error codes returned when operations from the list shall have been initiated enables applications to know when operations have been started and whether aio_error() is valid for a specific operation.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017, <aio.h>
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