MQ_NOTIFY

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (3P)
Updated: 2013
Page Index
 

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

 

NAME

mq_notify --- notify process that a message is available (REALTIME)  

SYNOPSIS

#include <mqueue.h>

int mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *notification);
 

DESCRIPTION

If the argument notification is not NULL, this function shall register the calling process to be notified of message arrival at an empty message queue associated with the specified message queue descriptor, mqdes. The notification specified by the notification argument shall be sent to the process when the message queue transitions from empty to non-empty. At any time, only one process may be registered for notification by a message queue. If the calling process or any other process has already registered for notification of message arrival at the specified message queue, subsequent attempts to register for that message queue shall fail.

If notification is NULL and the process is currently registered for notification by the specified message queue, the existing registration shall be removed.

When the notification is sent to the registered process, its registration shall be removed. The message queue shall then be available for registration.

If a process has registered for notification of message arrival at a message queue and some thread is blocked in mq_receive() or mq_timedreceive() waiting to receive a message when a message arrives at the queue, the arriving message shall satisfy the appropriate mq_receive() or mq_timedreceive(), respectively. The resulting behavior is as if the message queue remains empty, and no notification shall be sent.  

RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, the mq_notify() function shall return a value of zero; otherwise, the function shall return a value of -1 and set errno to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

The mq_notify() function shall fail if:
EBADF
The mqdes argument is not a valid message queue descriptor.
EBUSY
A process is already registered for notification by the message queue.

The mq_notify() function may fail if:

EINVAL
The notification argument is NULL and the process is currently not registered.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

The following program registers a notification request for the message queue named in its command-line argument. Notification is performed by creating a thread. The thread executes a function which reads one message from the queue and then terminates the process.


#include <pthread.h>
#include <mqueue.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>

static void                     /* Thread start function */
tfunc(union sigval sv)
{
    struct mq_attr attr;
    ssize_t nr;
    void *buf;
    mqd_t mqdes = *((mqd_t *) sv.sival_ptr);

    /* Determine maximum msg size; allocate buffer to receive msg */

    if (mq_getattr(mqdes, &attr) == -1) {
        perror("mq_getattr");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
    buf = malloc(attr.mq_msgsize);

    if (buf == NULL) {
        perror("malloc");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    nr = mq_receive(mqdes, buf, attr.mq_msgsize, NULL);
    if (nr == -1) {
        perror("mq_receive");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    printf("Read %ld bytes from message queue\n", (long) nr);
    free(buf);
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);         /* Terminate the process */
}

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    mqd_t mqdes;
    struct sigevent not;

    assert(argc == 2);

    mqdes = mq_open(argv[1], O_RDONLY);
    if (mqdes == (mqd_t) -1) {
        perror("mq_open");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    not.sigev_notify = SIGEV_THREAD;
    not.sigev_notify_function = tfunc;
    not.sigev_notify_attributes = NULL;
    not.sigev_value.sival_ptr = &mqdes;   /* Arg. to thread func. */
    if (mq_notify(mqdes, &not) == -1) {
        perror("mq_notify");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    pause();    /* Process will be terminated by thread function */
}

 

APPLICATION USAGE

None.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

mq_open(), mq_send(), mq_receive(), msgctl(), msgget(), msgrcv(), msgsnd()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <mqueue.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .


 

Index

PROLOG
NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3p