STRLEN

Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (3P)
Updated: 2013
Page Index
 

PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

 

NAME

strlen, strnlen --- get length of fixed size string  

SYNOPSIS

#include <string.h>

size_t strlen(const char *s);
size_t strnlen(const char *s, size_t maxlen);
 

DESCRIPTION

For strlen(): The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

The strlen() function shall compute the number of bytes in the string to which s points, not including the terminating NUL character.

The strnlen() function shall compute the smaller of the number of bytes in the array to which s points, not including the terminating NUL character, or the value of the maxlen argument. The strnlen() function shall never examine more than maxlen bytes of the array pointed to by s.  

RETURN VALUE

The strlen() function shall return the length of s; no return value shall be reserved to indicate an error.

The strnlen() function shall return an integer containing the smaller of either the length of the string pointed to by s or maxlen.  

ERRORS

No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.  

EXAMPLES

 

Getting String Lengths

The following example sets the maximum length of key and data by using strlen() to get the lengths of those strings.


#include <string.h>
...
struct element {
    char *key;
    char *data;
};
...
char *key, *data;
int len;

*keylength = *datalength = 0;
...
if ((len = strlen(key)) > *keylength)
    *keylength = len;
if ((len = strlen(data)) > *datalength)
    *datalength = len;
...

 

APPLICATION USAGE

None.  

RATIONALE

None.  

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.  

SEE ALSO

wcslen()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <string.h>  

COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .


 

Index

PROLOG
NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
EXAMPLES
Getting String Lengths
APPLICATION USAGE
RATIONALE
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
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