Section: POSIX Programmer's Manual (3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.
The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult
the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior),
or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
--- get the parameters associated with the terminal
int tcgetattr(int fildes, struct termios *termios_p);
function shall get the parameters associated with the terminal referred
and store them in the
structure referenced by
argument is an open file descriptor associated with a terminal.
argument is a pointer to a
operation is allowed from any process.
If the terminal device supports different input and output baud rates,
the baud rates stored in the
structure returned by
shall reflect the actual baud rates, even if they are equal. If
differing baud rates are not supported, the rate returned as the output
baud rate shall be the actual baud rate. If the terminal device does
not support split baud rates, the input baud rate stored in the
structure shall be the output rate (as one of the symbolic values).
Upon successful completion, 0 shall be returned. Otherwise, -1
shall be returned and
set to indicate the error.
function shall fail if:
argument is not a valid file descriptor.
The file associated with
is not a terminal.
The following sections are informative.
Care must be taken when changing the terminal attributes. Applications
should always do a
structure values returned, and then do a
changing only the necessary fields. The application should use the
values saved from the
to reset the terminal state whenever it is done with the terminal.
This is necessary because terminal attributes apply to the underlying
port and not to each individual open instance; that is, all processes
that have used the terminal see the latest attribute changes.
A program that uses these functions should be written to catch all
signals and take other appropriate actions to ensure that when the
program terminates, whether planned or not, the terminal device's state
is restored to its original state.
Existing practice dealing with error returns when only part of a
request can be honored is based on calls to the
function. In historical BSD and System V implementations,
returns zero if the requested actions were semantically correct, even
if some of the requested changes could not be made. Many existing
applications assume this behavior and would no longer work correctly if
the return value were changed from zero to -1 in this case.
Note that either specification has a problem. When zero is returned,
it implies everything succeeded even if some of the changes were not
made. When -1 is returned, it implies everything failed even though
some of the changes were made.
Applications that need all of the requested changes made to work
properly should follow
with a call to
and compare the appropriate field values.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017,
Chapter 11, General Terminal Interface,
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition,
Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.
In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at
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