DateTime::TimeZone::Local::Unix

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2019-11-18
Page Index
 

NAME

DateTime::TimeZone::Local::Unix - Determine the local system's time zone on Unix  

VERSION

version 2.38  

SYNOPSIS

  my $tz = DateTime::TimeZone->new( name => 'local' );

  my $tz = DateTime::TimeZone::Local->TimeZone();

 

DESCRIPTION

This module provides methods for determining the local time zone on a Unix platform.  

HOW THE TIME ZONE IS DETERMINED

This class tries the following methods of determining the local time zone:
$ENV{TZ}

It checks $ENV{TZ} for a valid time zone name.

/etc/localtime

If this file is a symlink to an Olson database time zone file (usually in /usr/share/zoneinfo) then it uses the target file's path name to determine the time zone name. For example, if the path is /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Chicago, the time zone is ``America/Chicago''.

Some systems just copy the relevant file to /etc/localtime instead of making a symlink. In this case, we look in /usr/share/zoneinfo for a file that has the same size and content as /etc/localtime to determine the local time zone.

/etc/timezone

If this file exists, it is read and its contents are used as a time zone name.

/etc/TIMEZONE

If this file exists, it is opened and we look for a line starting like ``TZ = ...''. If this is found, it should indicate a time zone name.

/etc/sysconfig/clock

If this file exists, it is opened and we look for a line starting like ``TIMEZONE = ...'' or ``ZONE = ...''. If this is found, it should indicate a time zone name.

/etc/default/init

If this file exists, it is opened and we look for a line starting like ``TZ=...''. If this is found, it should indicate a time zone name.

/etc/localtime content

If this file is not a symlink, it's parsed by a DateTime::TimeZone::Tzfile to retrieve the time zone offset definition. No time zone name will be defined. This is usefull if the file does not present in the system time zone database.

Note: Some systems such as virtual machine boxes may lack any of these files. You can confirm that this is case by running:

    $ ls -l /etc/localtime /etc/timezone /etc/TIMEZONE \
        /etc/sysconfig/clock /etc/default/init

If this is the case, then when checking for timezone handling you are likely to get an exception:

    $ perl -wle 'use DateTime; DateTime->now( time_zone => "local" )'
    Cannot determine local time zone

In that case, you should consult your system man pages for details on how to address that problem. In one such case reported to us, a FreeBSD virtual machine had been built without any of these files. The user was able to run the FreeBSD tzsetup utility. That installed /etc/localtime, after which the above timezone diagnostic ran silently, i.e., without throwing an exception.  

SUPPORT

Bugs may be submitted at <https://github.com/houseabsolute/DateTime-TimeZone/issues>.

I am also usually active on IRC as 'autarch' on "irc://irc.perl.org".  

SOURCE

The source code repository for DateTime-TimeZone can be found at <https://github.com/houseabsolute/DateTime-TimeZone>.  

AUTHOR

Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>  

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2019 by Dave Rolsky.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this distribution.


 

Index

NAME
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HOW THE TIME ZONE IS DETERMINED
SUPPORT
SOURCE
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3pm