Exporter::Tiny::Manual::QuickStart

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2019-07-26
Page Index
 

NAME

Exporter::Tiny::Manual::QuickStart - the quickest way to get up and running with Exporter::Tiny  

SYNOPSIS

   package MyUtils;
   
   use Exporter::Shiny qw( frobnicate );
   
   sub frobnicate {
      ...;   # your code here
   }
   
   1;

Now people can use your module like this:

   use MyUtils "frobnicate";
   
   frobnicate(42);

Or like this:

   use MyUtils "frobnicate" => { -as => "frob" };
   
   frob(42);

 

DESCRIPTION

See the synopsis. Yes, it's that simple.  

Next steps

Default exports

Note that the module in the synopsis doesn't export anything by default. If people load "MyUtils" like this:

   use MyUtils;

Then they haven't imported any functions. You can specify a default set of functions to be exported like this:

   package MyUtils;
   
   use Exporter::Shiny qw( frobnicate );
   
   our @EXPORT = qw( frobnicate );
   
   sub frobnicate { ... }
   
   1;

Or, if you want to be a superstar rock god:

   package MyUtils;
   
   use Exporter::Shiny our @EXPORT = qw( frobnicate );
   
   sub frobnicate { ... }
   
   1;

Tags

You can provide tags for people to use:

   package MyUtils;
   
   use Exporter::Shiny qw( frobnicate red green blue );
   
   our %EXPORT_TAGS = (
      utils   => [qw/ frobnicate /],
      colours => [qw/ red green blue /],
   );
   
   sub frobnicate { ... }
   sub red        { ... }
   sub green      { ... }
   sub blue       { ... }
   
   1;

And people can now import your functions like this:

   use MyUtils ":colours";

Or this:

   use MyUtils "-colours";

Or take advantage of the fact that Perl magically quotes barewords preceded by a hyphen:

   use MyUtils -colours;

Two tags are automatically defined for you: "-default" (which is just the same as @EXPORT) and "-all" (which is the union of @EXPORT and @EXPORT_OK). If you don't like them, then you can override them:

   our %EXPORT_TAGS = (
      default => \@some_other_stuff,
      all     => \@more_stuff,
   );

Generators

Exporting normally just works by copying a sub from your package into your caller's package. But sometimes it's useful instead to generate a custom sub to insert into your caller's package. This is pretty easy to do.

   package MyUtils;
   
   use Exporter::Shiny qw( frobnicate );
   
   sub _generate_frobnicate {
      my $me     = shift;
      my $caller = caller;
      my ($name, $args) = @_;
      
      return sub {
          ...;  # your code here
      };
   }
   
   1;

The parameter $me here is a string containing the package name which is being imported from; $caller is the destination package; $name is the name of the sub (in this case ``frobnicate''); and $args is a hashref of custom arguments for this function.

   # The hashref { foo => 42 } is $args above.
   #
   use MyUtils "frobnicate" => { foo => 42 };

 

Avoiding Exporter::Shiny

Exporter::Shiny is a tiny shim around Exporter::Tiny. It should mostly do what you want, but you may sometimes prefer to use Exporter::Tiny directly.

The example in the synopsis could have been written as:

   package MyUtils;
   
   use parent "Exporter::Tiny";
   our @EXPORT_OK = qw( frobnicate );
   
   sub frobnicate {
      ...;   # your code here
   }
   
   1;

What Exporter::Shiny does is mostly just to set @EXPORT_OK for you and set up inheritance from the base class (Exporter::Tiny).

Exporter::Shiny also sets $INC{'MyUtils.pm} for you, which in usually makes little difference, but is useful in some edge cases.  

SEE ALSO

Exporter::Shiny, Exporter::Tiny.

For more advanced information, see Exporter::Tiny::Manual::Exporting.  

AUTHOR

Toby Inkster <tobyink@cpan.org>.  

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2013-2014, 2017 by Toby Inkster.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.  

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
Next steps
Avoiding Exporter::Shiny
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3pm