my $cleanup = $msg->rebuild;
Examples of use: you have a message which only contains html, and you want to translate it into a multipart which contains the original html and the textual translation of it. Or, you have a message with parts flagged to be deleted, and you want those changes be incorparted in the memory structure. Another possibility: clear all the resent groups (see Mail::Message::Head::ResentGroup) from the header, before it is written to file.
Reconstructing is a hazardous task, where multi level multiparts and nested messages come into play. The rebuild method tries to simplify handing these messages for you.
-Option --Default extra_rules  keep_message_id <false> rules <see text>
The order of the rules is respected, which means that you do not always need to rewrite the whole rule is (see "rule" option). For instance, the extra rule of "removeDeletedParts" returns an "undef", which means that it cancels the effect of the default rule "replaceDeletedParts".
By default, only the relatively safe transformations are performed: "replaceDeletedParts", "descendMultiparts", "descendNested", "flattenMultiparts", "flattenEmptyMultiparts". In the future, more safe transformations may be added to this list.
# remove all deleted parts my $cleaned = $msg->rebuild(keep_message_id => 1); $folder->addMessage($cleaned) if defined $cleaned; # Replace deleted parts by a place-holder my $cleaned = $msg->rebuild ( keep_message_id => 1 , extra_rules => [ 'removeEmpty', 'flattenMultiparts' ] );
-Option--Default rules <required>
The return can be "undef" or any complex construct based on a Mail::Message::Part or coerceable into such a part. For each part, all rules are called in sequence. When a rule returns a changed object, the rules will start all over again, however "undef" will immediately stop it.
The rebuild() method uses rules to transform the one message into an other. If one or more of the rules apply, a new message will be returned. A simple numeric comparison tells whether the message has changed. For example
print "No change" if $message == $message->rebuild;
Transformation is made with a set of rules. Each rule performs only a small step, which makes is easily configurable. The rules are ordered, and when one makes a change to the result, the result will be passed to all the rules again until no rule makes a change on the part anymore. A rule may also return "undef" in which case the part will be removed from the (resulting) message.
This sections describes the general configuration rules: all quite straight forward transformations on the message structure. The rules marked with (*) are used by default.
Apply the rules to the parts of (possibly nested) multiparts, not only to the top-level message.
Apply the rules to the "message/rfc822" encapsulated message as well.
Multipart messages which do not have any parts left are replaced by a single part which contains the preamble, epilogue and a brief explanation.
When a multipart contains only one part, that part will take the place of the multipart: the removal of a level of nesting. This way, the preamble and epilogue of the multipart (which do not have a meaning, officially) are lost.
Remove the "message/rfc822" encapsulation. Only the content related lines of the encapsulated body are preserved one level higher. Other information will be lost, which is often not too bad.
All parts which are flagged for deletion are removed from the message without leaving a trace. If a nested message is encountered which has its encapsulated content flagged for deletion, it will be removed as a whole.
Multipart messages which do not have any parts left are removed. The information in preamble and epiloge is lost.
Simple message bodies which do not contain any lines of content are removed. This will loose the information which is stored in the headers of these bodies.
All parts of the message which are flagged for deletion are replace by a message which says that the part is deleted.
You can specify a selection of these rules with rebuild(rules) and rebuild(extra_rules).
This section describes the rules which try to be smart with the content. Please contribute with ideas and implementations.
When a multipart alternative is encountered, which contains both a plain text and an html part, then the html part is deleted. Especially useful in combination with the "flattenMultiparts" rule.
Any "text/html" part which is not accompanied by an alternative plain text part will have one added. You must have a working Mail::Message::Convert::HtmlFormatText, which means that HTML::TreeBuilder and HTML::FormatText must be installed on your system.
[2.110] When a multipart alternative is encountered, deletes all its parts except for the last part (the preferred part in accordance with RFC2046). In practice, this normally results in the alternative plain text part being deleted of an html message. Useful in combination with the "flattenMultiparts" rule.
Adding your own rules
If you have designed your own rule, please consider contributing this to Mail::Box; it may be useful for other people as well.
Each rule is called
my $new = $code->($message, $part, %options)
where the %options are defined by the "rebuild()" method internals. At least the "rules" option is passed, which is a full expansion of all the rules which will be applied.
Your subroutine shall return $part if no changes are needed, "undef" if the part should be removed, and any newly constructed "Mail::Message::Part" when a change is required. It is easiest to start looking at the source code of this package, and copy from a comparible routine.
When you have your own routine, you simply call:
my $rebuild_message = $message->rebuild ( extra_rules => [ \&my_own_rule, 'other_rule' ] );
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/