Mail::Message::Field::Address

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2019-07-26
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NAME

Mail::Message::Field::Address - One e-mail address  

INHERITANCE

 Mail::Message::Field::Address
   is a Mail::Identity
   is an User::Identity::Item

 

SYNOPSIS

 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->new(...);

 my $ui   = User::Identity->new(...);
 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->coerce($ui);

 my $mi   = Mail::Identity->new(...);
 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->coerce($mi);

 print $addr->address;
 print $addr->fullName;   # possibly unicode!
 print $addr->domain;

 

DESCRIPTION

Many header fields can contain e-mail addresses. Each e-mail address can be represented by an object of this class. These objects will handle interpretation and character set encoding and decoding for you.

Extends ``DESCRIPTION'' in Mail::Identity.  

OVERLOADED

overload: boolean
The object used as boolean will always return "true"
overload: string $comparison
Two address objects are the same when their email addresses are the same.
overload: stringification
When the object is used in string context, it will return the encoded representation of the e-mail address, just like string() does.
 

METHODS

Extends ``METHODS'' in Mail::Identity.  

Constructors

Extends ``Constructors'' in Mail::Identity.
$obj->coerce( <STRING|$object>, %options )
Try to coerce the $object into a "Mail::Message::Field::Address". In case of a STRING, it is interpreted as an email address.

The %options are passed to the object creation, and overrule the values found in the $object. The result may be "undef" or a newly created object. If the $object is already of the correct type, it is returned unmodified.

The $object may currently be a Mail::Address, a Mail::Identity, or a User::Identity. In case of the latter, one of the user's addresses is chosen at random.

Mail::Message::Field::Address->new( [$name], %options )
Inherited, see ``Constructors'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->parse(STRING)
Parse the string for an address. You never know whether one or more addresses are specified on a line (often applications are wrong), therefore, the STRING is first parsed for as many addresses as possible and then the one is taken at random.
 

Attributes

Extends ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity.
$obj->address()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->charset()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->comment( [STRING] )
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->description()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->domain()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->language()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->location()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->name( [$newname] )
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->organization()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->phrase()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
$obj->username()
Inherited, see ``Attributes'' in Mail::Identity
 

Collections

Extends ``Collections'' in Mail::Identity.
$obj->add($collection, $role)
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->addCollection( $object | <[$type], %options> )
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->collection($name)
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->parent( [$parent] )
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->removeCollection($object|$name)
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->type()
Mail::Message::Field::Address->type()
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
$obj->user()
Inherited, see ``Collections'' in User::Identity::Item
 

Searching

Extends ``Searching'' in Mail::Identity.
$obj->find($collection, $role)
Inherited, see ``Searching'' in User::Identity::Item
 

Accessors

$obj->encoding()
Character-set encoding, like 'q' and 'b', to be used when non-ascii characters are to be transmitted.
 

Access to the content

$obj->string()
Returns an RFC compliant e-mail address, which will have character set encoding if needed. The objects are also overloaded to call this method in string context.

example:

 print $address->string;
 print $address;          # via overloading

 

DIAGNOSTICS

Error: $object is not a collection.
The first argument is an object, but not of a class which extends User::Identity::Collection.
Error: Cannot coerce a $type into a Mail::Message::Field::Address
When addresses are specified to be included in header fields, they may be coerced into Mail::Message::Field::Address objects first. What you specify is not accepted as address specification. This may be an internal error.
Error: Cannot load collection module for $type ($class).
Either the specified $type does not exist, or that module named $class returns compilation errors. If the type as specified in the warning is not the name of a package, you specified a nickname which was not defined. Maybe you forgot the 'require' the package which defines the nickname.
Error: Creation of a collection via $class failed.
The $class did compile, but it was not possible to create an object of that class using the options you specified.
Error: Don't know what type of collection you want to add.
If you add a collection, it must either by a collection object or a list of options which can be used to create a collection object. In the latter case, the type of collection must be specified.
Warning: No collection $name
The collection with $name does not exist and can not be created.
 

SEE ALSO

This module is part of Mail-Message distribution version 3.008, built on February 11, 2019. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/CPAN/  

LICENSE

Copyrights 2001-2019 by [Mark Overmeer <markov@cpan.org>]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/


 

Index

NAME
INHERITANCE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERLOADED
METHODS
Constructors
Attributes
Collections
Searching
Accessors
Access to the content
DIAGNOSTICS
SEE ALSO
LICENSE
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