Mojo::URL

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2019-01-27
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NAME

Mojo::URL - Uniform Resource Locator  

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::URL;

  # Parse
  my $url = Mojo::URL->new('http://sri:foo@example.com:3000/foo?foo=bar#23');
  say $url->scheme;
  say $url->userinfo;
  say $url->host;
  say $url->port;
  say $url->path;
  say $url->query;
  say $url->fragment;

  # Build
  my $url = Mojo::URL->new;
  $url->scheme('http');
  $url->host('example.com');
  $url->port(3000);
  $url->path('/foo/bar');
  $url->query(foo => 'bar');
  $url->fragment(23);
  say "$url";

 

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::URL implements a subset of RFC 3986 <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986>, RFC 3987 <http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987> and the URL Living Standard <https://url.spec.whatwg.org> for Uniform Resource Locators with support for IDNA and IRIs.  

ATTRIBUTES

Mojo::URL implements the following attributes.  

base

  my $base = $url->base;
  $url     = $url->base(Mojo::URL->new);

Base of this URL, defaults to a Mojo::URL object.

  "http://example.com/a/b?c"
  Mojo::URL->new("/a/b?c")->base(Mojo::URL->new("http://example.com"))->to_abs;

 

fragment

  my $fragment = $url->fragment;
  $url         = $url->fragment('♥mojolicious♥');

Fragment part of this URL.

  # "yada"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo?bar=baz#yada')->fragment;

 

host

  my $host = $url->host;
  $url     = $url->host('127.0.0.1');

Host part of this URL.

  # "example.com"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://sri:t3st@example.com:8080/foo')->host;

 

port

  my $port = $url->port;
  $url     = $url->port(8080);

Port part of this URL.

  # "8080"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://sri:t3st@example.com:8080/foo')->port;

 

scheme

  my $scheme = $url->scheme;
  $url       = $url->scheme('http');

Scheme part of this URL.

  # "http"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo')->scheme;

 

userinfo

  my $info = $url->userinfo;
  $url     = $url->userinfo('root:♥');

Userinfo part of this URL.

  # "sri:t3st"
  Mojo::URL->new('https://sri:t3st@example.com/foo')->userinfo;

 

METHODS

Mojo::URL inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.  

clone

  my $url2 = $url->clone;

Return a new Mojo::URL object cloned from this URL.  

host_port

  my $host_port = $url->host_port;
  $url          = $url->host_port('example.com:8080');

Normalized version of ``host'' and ``port''.

  # "xn--n3h.net:8080"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://☃.net:8080/test')->host_port;

  # "example.com"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test')->host_port;

 

ihost

  my $ihost = $url->ihost;
  $url      = $url->ihost('xn--bcher-kva.ch');

Host part of this URL in punycode format.

  # "xn--n3h.net"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://☃.net')->ihost;

  # "example.com"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com')->ihost;

 

is_abs

  my $bool = $url->is_abs;

Check if URL is absolute.

  # True
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test/index.html')->is_abs;

  # False
  Mojo::URL->new('test/index.html')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('/test/index.html')->is_abs;
  Mojo::URL->new('//example.com/test/index.html')->is_abs;

 

new

  my $url = Mojo::URL->new;
  my $url = Mojo::URL->new('http://127.0.0.1:3000/foo?f=b&baz=2#foo');

Construct a new Mojo::URL object and ``parse'' URL if necessary.  

parse

  $url = $url->parse('http://127.0.0.1:3000/foo/bar?fo=o&baz=23#foo');

Parse relative or absolute URL.

  # "/test/123"
  $url->parse('/test/123?foo=bar')->path;

  # "example.com"
  $url->parse('http://example.com/test/123?foo=bar')->host;

  # "sri@example.com"
  $url->parse('mailto:sri@example.com')->path;

 

password

  my $password = $url->password;

Password part of ``userinfo''.

  # "s3cret"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://isabel:s3cret@mojolicious.org')->password;

  # "s:3:c:r:e:t"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://isabel:s:3:c:r:e:t@mojolicious.org')->password;

 

path

  my $path = $url->path;
  $url     = $url->path('foo/bar');
  $url     = $url->path('/foo/bar');
  $url     = $url->path(Mojo::Path->new);

Path part of this URL, relative paths will be merged with ``merge'' in Mojo::Path, defaults to a Mojo::Path object.

  # "perldoc"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path->parts->[0];

  # "/perldoc/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path->merge('DOM/HTML');

  # "http://example.com/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path('/DOM/HTML');

  # "http://example.com/perldoc/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo')->path('DOM/HTML');

  # "http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo/DOM/HTML"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/perldoc/Mojo/')->path('DOM/HTML');

 

path_query

  my $path_query = $url->path_query;
  $url           = $url->path_query('/foo/bar?a=1&b=2');

Normalized version of ``path'' and ``query''.

  # "/test?a=1&b=2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/test?a=1&b=2')->path_query;

  # "/"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/')->path_query;

 

protocol

  my $proto = $url->protocol;

Normalized version of ``scheme''.

  # "http"
  Mojo::URL->new('HtTp://example.com')->protocol;

 

query

  my $query = $url->query;
  $url      = $url->query({merge => 'to'});
  $url      = $url->query([append => 'with']);
  $url      = $url->query(replace => 'with');
  $url      = $url->query('a=1&b=2');
  $url      = $url->query(Mojo::Parameters->new);

Query part of this URL, key/value pairs in an array reference will be appended with ``append'' in Mojo::Parameters, and key/value pairs in a hash reference merged with ``merge'' in Mojo::Parameters, defaults to a Mojo::Parameters object.

  # "2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query->param('b');

  # "a=2&b=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query->merge(a => 2, c => 3);

  # "http://example.com?a=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query(a => 2, c => 3);

  # "http://example.com?a=2&a=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query(a => [2, 3]);

  # "http://example.com?a=2&b=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query({a => 2, c => 3});

  # "http://example.com?b=2"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query({a => undef});

  # "http://example.com?a=1&b=2&a=2&c=3"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com?a=1&b=2')->query([a => 2, c => 3]);

 

to_abs

  my $abs = $url->to_abs;
  my $abs = $url->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo'));

Return a new Mojo::URL object cloned from this relative URL and turn it into an absolute one using ``base'' or provided base URL.

  # "http://example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));

  # "http://example.com/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('/baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));

  # "http://example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123"
  Mojo::URL->new('//example.com/foo/baz.xml?test=123')
    ->to_abs(Mojo::URL->new('http://example.com/foo/bar.html'));

 

to_string

  my $str = $url->to_string;

Turn URL into a string. Note that ``userinfo'' will not be included for security reasons.

  # "http://mojolicious.org"
  Mojo::URL->new->scheme('http')->host('mojolicious.org')->to_string;

  # "http://mojolicious.org"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://daniel:s3cret@mojolicious.org')->to_string;

 

to_unsafe_string

  my $str = $url->to_unsafe_string;

Same as ``to_string'', but includes ``userinfo''.

  # "http://daniel:s3cret@mojolicious.org"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://daniel:s3cret@mojolicious.org')->to_unsafe_string;

 

username

  my $username = $url->username;

Username part of ``userinfo''.

  # "isabel"
  Mojo::URL->new('http://isabel:s3cret@mojolicious.org')->username;

 

OPERATORS

Mojo::URL overloads the following operators.  

bool

  my $bool = !!$url;

Always true.  

stringify

  my $str = "$url";

Alias for ``to_string''.  

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, <https://mojolicious.org>.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ATTRIBUTES
base
fragment
host
port
scheme
userinfo
METHODS
clone
host_port
ihost
is_abs
new
parse
password
path
path_query
protocol
query
to_abs
to_string
to_unsafe_string
username
OPERATORS
bool
stringify
SEE ALSO
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3pm