Test::Mojo

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2018-11-22
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NAME

Test::Mojo - Testing Mojo  

SYNOPSIS

  use Test::More;
  use Test::Mojo;

  my $t = Test::Mojo->new('MyApp');

  # HTML/XML
  $t->get_ok('/welcome')->status_is(200)->text_is('div#message' => 'Hello!');

  # JSON
  $t->post_ok('/search.json' => form => {q => 'Perl'})
    ->status_is(200)
    ->header_is('Server' => 'Mojolicious (Perl)')
    ->header_isnt('X-Bender' => 'Bite my shiny metal ass!')
    ->json_is('/results/4/title' => 'Perl rocks!')
    ->json_like('/results/7/title' => qr/Perl/);

  # WebSocket
  $t->websocket_ok('/echo')
    ->send_ok('hello')
    ->message_ok
    ->message_is('echo: hello')
    ->finish_ok;

  done_testing();

 

DESCRIPTION

Test::Mojo is a test user agent based on Mojo::UserAgent, it is usually used together with Test::More to test Mojolicious applications. Just run your tests with prove.

  $ prove -l -v
  $ prove -l -v t/foo.t

If it is not already defined, the "MOJO_LOG_LEVEL" environment variable will be set to "debug" or "fatal", depending on the value of the "HARNESS_IS_VERBOSE" environment variable. And to make it esier to test HTTPS/WSS web services ``insecure'' in Mojo::UserAgent will be activated by default for ``ua''.

See Mojolicious::Guides::Testing for more.  

ATTRIBUTES

Test::Mojo implements the following attributes.  

message

  my $msg = $t->message;
  $t      = $t->message([text => $bytes]);

Current WebSocket message represented as an array reference containing the frame type and payload.

  # More specific tests
  use Mojo::JSON 'decode_json';
  my $hash = decode_json $t->message->[1];
  is ref $hash, 'HASH', 'right reference';
  is $hash->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';

  # Test custom message
  $t->message([binary => $bytes])
    ->json_message_has('/foo/bar')
    ->json_message_hasnt('/bar')
    ->json_message_is('/foo/baz' => {yada => [1, 2, 3]});

 

success

  my $bool = $t->success;
  $t       = $t->success($bool);

True if the last test was successful.

  # Build custom tests
  my $location_is = sub {
    my ($t, $value, $desc) = @_;
    $desc ||= "Location: $value";
    local $Test::Builder::Level = $Test::Builder::Level + 1;
    return $t->success(is($t->tx->res->headers->location, $value, $desc));
  };
  $t->get_ok('/')
    ->status_is(302)
    ->$location_is('https://mojolicious.org')
    ->or(sub { diag 'Must have been Joel!' });

 

tx

  my $tx = $t->tx;
  $t     = $t->tx(Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new);

Current transaction, usually a Mojo::Transaction::HTTP or Mojo::Transaction::WebSocket object.

  # More specific tests
  is $t->tx->res->json->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';
  ok $t->tx->res->content->is_multipart, 'multipart content';
  is $t->tx->previous->res->code, 302, 'right status';

 

ua

  my $ua = $t->ua;
  $t     = $t->ua(Mojo::UserAgent->new);

User agent used for testing, defaults to a Mojo::UserAgent object.

  # Allow redirects
  $t->ua->max_redirects(10);
  $t->get_ok('/redirect')->status_is(200)->content_like(qr/redirected/);

  # Switch protocol from HTTP to HTTPS
  $t->ua->server->url('https');
  $t->get_ok('/secure')->status_is(200)->content_like(qr/secure/);

  # Use absolute URL for request with Basic authentication
  my $url = $t->ua->server->url->userinfo('sri:secr3t')->path('/secrets.json');
  $t->post_ok($url => json => {limit => 10})
    ->status_is(200)
    ->json_is('/1/content', 'Mojo rocks!');

  # Customize all transactions (including followed redirects)
  $t->ua->on(start => sub {
    my ($ua, $tx) = @_;
    $tx->req->headers->accept_language('en-US');
  });
  $t->get_ok('/hello')->status_is(200)->content_like(qr/Howdy/);

 

METHODS

Test::Mojo inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.  

app

  my $app = $t->app;
  $t      = $t->app(Mojolicious->new);

Access application with ``app'' in Mojo::UserAgent::Server.

  # Change log level
  $t->app->log->level('fatal');

  # Test application directly
  is $t->app->defaults->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';
  ok $t->app->routes->find('echo')->is_websocket, 'WebSocket route';
  my $c = $t->app->build_controller;
  ok $c->render(template => 'foo'), 'rendering was successful';
  is $c->res->status, 200, 'right status';
  is $c->res->body, 'Foo!', 'right content';

  # Change application behavior
  $t->app->hook(before_dispatch => sub {
    my $c = shift;
    $c->render(text => 'This request did not reach the router.')
      if $c->req->url->path->contains('/user');
  });
  $t->get_ok('/user')->status_is(200)->content_like(qr/not reach the router/);

  # Extract additional information
  my $stash;
  $t->app->hook(after_dispatch => sub { $stash = shift->stash });
  $t->get_ok('/hello')->status_is(200);
  is $stash->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';

 

content_is

  $t = $t->content_is('working!');
  $t = $t->content_is('working!', 'right content');

Check response content for exact match after retrieving it from ``text'' in Mojo::Message.  

content_isnt

  $t = $t->content_isnt('working!');
  $t = $t->content_isnt('working!', 'different content');

Opposite of ``content_is''.  

content_like

  $t = $t->content_like(qr/working!/);
  $t = $t->content_like(qr/working!/, 'right content');

Check response content for similar match after retrieving it from ``text'' in Mojo::Message.  

content_type_is

  $t = $t->content_type_is('text/html');
  $t = $t->content_type_is('text/html', 'right content type');

Check response "Content-Type" header for exact match.  

content_type_isnt

  $t = $t->content_type_isnt('text/html');
  $t = $t->content_type_isnt('text/html', 'different content type');

Opposite of ``content_type_is''.  

content_type_like

  $t = $t->content_type_like(qr/text/);
  $t = $t->content_type_like(qr/text/, 'right content type');

Check response "Content-Type" header for similar match.  

content_type_unlike

  $t = $t->content_type_unlike(qr/text/);
  $t = $t->content_type_unlike(qr/text/, 'different content type');

Opposite of ``content_type_like''.  

content_unlike

  $t = $t->content_unlike(qr/working!/);
  $t = $t->content_unlike(qr/working!/, 'different content');

Opposite of ``content_like''.  

delete_ok

  $t = $t->delete_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->delete_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "DELETE" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``delete'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.  

element_count_is

  $t = $t->element_count_is('div.foo[x=y]', 5);
  $t = $t->element_count_is('html body div', 30, 'thirty elements');

Checks the number of HTML/XML elements matched by the CSS selector with ``find'' in Mojo::DOM.  

element_exists

  $t = $t->element_exists('div.foo[x=y]');
  $t = $t->element_exists('html head title', 'has a title');

Checks for existence of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element with ``at'' in Mojo::DOM.

  # Check attribute values
  $t->get_ok('/login')
    ->element_exists('label[for=email]')
    ->element_exists('input[name=email][type=text][value*="example.com"]')
    ->element_exists('label[for=pass]')
    ->element_exists('input[name=pass][type=password]')
    ->element_exists('input[type=submit][value]');

 

element_exists_not

  $t = $t->element_exists_not('div.foo[x=y]');
  $t = $t->element_exists_not('html head title', 'has no title');

Opposite of ``element_exists''.  

finish_ok

  $t = $t->finish_ok;
  $t = $t->finish_ok(1000);
  $t = $t->finish_ok(1003 => 'Cannot accept data!');

Close WebSocket connection gracefully.  

finished_ok

  $t = $t->finished_ok(1000);

Wait for WebSocket connection to be closed gracefully and check status.  

get_ok

  $t = $t->get_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->get_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "GET" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``get'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

  # Run tests against remote host
  $t->get_ok('https://mojolicious.org/perldoc')->status_is(200);

  # Use relative URL for request with Basic authentication
  $t->get_ok('//sri:secr3t@/secrets.json')
    ->status_is(200)
    ->json_is('/1/content', 'Mojo rocks!');

  # Run additional tests on the transaction
  $t->get_ok('/foo')->status_is(200);
  is $t->tx->res->dom->at('input')->val, 'whatever', 'right value';

 

head_ok

  $t = $t->head_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->head_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "HEAD" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``head'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.  

header_is

  $t = $t->header_is(ETag => '"abc321"');
  $t = $t->header_is(ETag => '"abc321"', 'right header');

Check response header for exact match.  

header_isnt

  $t = $t->header_isnt(Etag => '"abc321"');
  $t = $t->header_isnt(ETag => '"abc321"', 'different header');

Opposite of ``header_is''.  

header_like

  $t = $t->header_like(ETag => qr/abc/);
  $t = $t->header_like(ETag => qr/abc/, 'right header');

Check response header for similar match.  

header_unlike

  $t = $t->header_unlike(ETag => qr/abc/);
  $t = $t->header_unlike(ETag => qr/abc/, 'different header');

Opposite of ``header_like''.  

json_has

  $t = $t->json_has('/foo');
  $t = $t->json_has('/minibar', 'has a minibar');

Check if JSON response contains a value that can be identified using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer.  

json_hasnt

  $t = $t->json_hasnt('/foo');
  $t = $t->json_hasnt('/minibar', 'no minibar');

Opposite of ``json_has''.  

json_is

  $t = $t->json_is({foo => [1, 2, 3]});
  $t = $t->json_is('/foo' => [1, 2, 3]);
  $t = $t->json_is('/foo/1' => 2, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON response using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer, which defaults to the root value if it is omitted.  

json_like

  $t = $t->json_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
  $t = $t->json_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON response using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer for similar match.  

json_message_has

  $t = $t->json_message_has('/foo');
  $t = $t->json_message_has('/minibar', 'has a minibar');

Check if JSON WebSocket message contains a value that can be identified using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer.  

json_message_hasnt

  $t = $t->json_message_hasnt('/foo');
  $t = $t->json_message_hasnt('/minibar', 'no minibar');

Opposite of ``json_message_has''.  

json_message_is

  $t = $t->json_message_is({foo => [1, 2, 3]});
  $t = $t->json_message_is('/foo' => [1, 2, 3]);
  $t = $t->json_message_is('/foo/1' => 2, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON WebSocket message using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer, which defaults to the root value if it is omitted.  

json_message_like

  $t = $t->json_message_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
  $t = $t->json_message_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON WebSocket message using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer for similar match.  

json_message_unlike

  $t = $t->json_message_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
  $t = $t->json_message_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'different value');

Opposite of ``json_message_like''.  

json_unlike

  $t = $t->json_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
  $t = $t->json_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'different value');

Opposite of ``json_like''.  

message_is

  $t = $t->message_is({binary => $bytes});
  $t = $t->message_is({text   => $bytes});
  $t = $t->message_is('working!');
  $t = $t->message_is('working!', 'right message');

Check WebSocket message for exact match.  

message_isnt

  $t = $t->message_isnt({binary => $bytes});
  $t = $t->message_isnt({text   => $bytes});
  $t = $t->message_isnt('working!');
  $t = $t->message_isnt('working!', 'different message');

Opposite of ``message_is''.  

message_like

  $t = $t->message_like({binary => qr/$bytes/});
  $t = $t->message_like({text   => qr/$bytes/});
  $t = $t->message_like(qr/working!/);
  $t = $t->message_like(qr/working!/, 'right message');

Check WebSocket message for similar match.  

message_ok

  $t = $t->message_ok;
  $t = $t->message_ok('got a message');

Wait for next WebSocket message to arrive.

  # Wait for message and perform multiple tests on it
  $t->websocket_ok('/time')
    ->message_ok
    ->message_like(qr/\d+/)
    ->message_unlike(qr/\w+/)
    ->finish_ok;

 

message_unlike

  $t = $t->message_unlike({binary => qr/$bytes/});
  $t = $t->message_unlike({text   => qr/$bytes/});
  $t = $t->message_unlike(qr/working!/);
  $t = $t->message_unlike(qr/working!/, 'different message');

Opposite of ``message_like''.  

new

  my $t = Test::Mojo->new;
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new('MyApp');
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new('MyApp', {foo => 'bar'});
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new(Mojo::File->new('/path/to/myapp.pl'));
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new(Mojo::File->new('/path/to/myapp.pl'), {foo => 'bar'});
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new(MyApp->new);
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new(MyApp->new, {foo => 'bar'});

Construct a new Test::Mojo object. In addition to a class name or Mojo::File object pointing to the application script, you can pass along a hash reference with configuration values that will be used to override the application configuration. The special configuration value "config_override" will be set in ``config'' in Mojolicious as well, which is used to disable configuration plugins like Mojolicious::Plugin::Config and Mojolicious::Plugin::JSONConfig for tests.

  # Load application script relative to the "t" directory
  use Mojo::File 'path';
  my $t = Test::Mojo->new(path(__FILE__)->dirname->sibling('myapp.pl'));

 

options_ok

  $t = $t->options_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->options_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "OPTIONS" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``options'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.  

or

  $t = $t->or(sub {...});

Execute callback if the value of ``success'' is false.

  # Diagnostics
  $t->get_ok('/bad')->or(sub { diag 'Must have been Glen!' })
    ->status_is(200)->or(sub { diag $t->tx->res->dom->at('title')->text });

 

patch_ok

  $t = $t->patch_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->patch_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "PATCH" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``patch'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.  

post_ok

  $t = $t->post_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->post_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "POST" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``post'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

  # Test file upload
  my $upload = {foo => {content => 'bar', filename => 'baz.txt'}};
  $t->post_ok('/upload' => form => $upload)->status_is(200);

  # Test JSON API
  $t->post_ok('/hello.json' => json => {hello => 'world'})
    ->status_is(200)
    ->json_is({bye => 'world'});

 

put_ok

  $t = $t->put_ok('http://example.com/foo');
  $t = $t->put_ok('/foo');
  $t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Content!');
  $t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
  $t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a "PUT" request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as ``put'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.  

request_ok

  $t = $t->request_ok(Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new);

Perform request and check for transport errors.

  # Request with custom method
  my $tx = $t->ua->build_tx(FOO => '/test.json' => json => {foo => 1});
  $t->request_ok($tx)->status_is(200)->json_is({success => 1});

  # Request with custom cookie
  my $tx = $t->ua->build_tx(GET => '/account');
  $tx->req->cookies({name => 'user', value => 'sri'});
  $t->request_ok($tx)->status_is(200)->text_is('head > title' => 'Hello sri');

  # Custom WebSocket handshake
  my $tx = $t->ua->build_websocket_tx('/foo');
  $tx->req->headers->remove('User-Agent');
  $t->request_ok($tx)->message_ok->message_is('bar')->finish_ok;

 

reset_session

  $t = $t->reset_session;

Reset user agent session.  

send_ok

  $t = $t->send_ok({binary => $bytes});
  $t = $t->send_ok({text   => $bytes});
  $t = $t->send_ok({json   => {test => [1, 2, 3]}});
  $t = $t->send_ok([$fin, $rsv1, $rsv2, $rsv3, $op, $payload]);
  $t = $t->send_ok($chars);
  $t = $t->send_ok($chars, 'sent successfully');

Send message or frame via WebSocket.

  # Send JSON object as "Text" message
  $t->websocket_ok('/echo.json')
    ->send_ok({json => {test => 'I ♥ Mojolicious!'}})
    ->message_ok
    ->json_message_is('/test' => 'I ♥ Mojolicious!')
    ->finish_ok;

 

status_is

  $t = $t->status_is(200);
  $t = $t->status_is(200, 'right status');

Check response status for exact match.  

status_isnt

  $t = $t->status_isnt(200);
  $t = $t->status_isnt(200, 'different status');

Opposite of ``status_is''.  

text_is

  $t = $t->text_is('div.foo[x=y]' => 'Hello!');
  $t = $t->text_is('html head title' => 'Hello!', 'right title');

Checks text content of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element for exact match with ``at'' in Mojo::DOM.  

text_isnt

  $t = $t->text_isnt('div.foo[x=y]' => 'Hello!');
  $t = $t->text_isnt('html head title' => 'Hello!', 'different title');

Opposite of ``text_is''.  

text_like

  $t = $t->text_like('div.foo[x=y]' => qr/Hello/);
  $t = $t->text_like('html head title' => qr/Hello/, 'right title');

Checks text content of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element for similar match with ``at'' in Mojo::DOM.  

text_unlike

  $t = $t->text_unlike('div.foo[x=y]' => qr/Hello/);
  $t = $t->text_unlike('html head title' => qr/Hello/, 'different title');

Opposite of ``text_like''.  

websocket_ok

  $t = $t->websocket_ok('http://example.com/echo');
  $t = $t->websocket_ok('/echo');
  $t = $t->websocket_ok('/echo' => {DNT => 1} => ['v1.proto']);

Open a WebSocket connection with transparent handshake, takes the same arguments as ``websocket'' in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

  # WebSocket with permessage-deflate compression
  $t->websocket_ok('/' => {'Sec-WebSocket-Extensions' => 'permessage-deflate'})
    ->send_ok('y' x 50000)
    ->message_ok
    ->message_is('z' x 50000)
    ->finish_ok;

 

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, <https://mojolicious.org>.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ATTRIBUTES
message
success
tx
ua
METHODS
app
content_is
content_isnt
content_like
content_type_is
content_type_isnt
content_type_like
content_type_unlike
content_unlike
delete_ok
element_count_is
element_exists
element_exists_not
finish_ok
finished_ok
get_ok
head_ok
header_is
header_isnt
header_like
header_unlike
json_has
json_hasnt
json_is
json_like
json_message_has
json_message_hasnt
json_message_is
json_message_like
json_message_unlike
json_unlike
message_is
message_isnt
message_like
message_ok
message_unlike
new
options_ok
or
patch_ok
post_ok
put_ok
request_ok
reset_session
send_ok
status_is
status_isnt
text_is
text_isnt
text_like
text_unlike
websocket_ok
SEE ALSO
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man3pm