Section: Miscellaneous Library Functions (3X)
panel - panel stack extension for curses
cc [flags] sourcefiles -lpanel -lncurses
PANEL *new_panel(WINDOW *win);
int bottom_panel(PANEL *pan);
int top_panel(PANEL *pan);
int show_panel(PANEL *pan);
int hide_panel(PANEL *pan);
WINDOW *panel_window(const PANEL *pan);
int replace_panel(PANEL *pan, WINDOW *window);
int move_panel(PANEL *pan, int starty, int startx);
int panel_hidden(const PANEL *pan);
PANEL *panel_above(const PANEL *pan);
PANEL *panel_below(const PANEL *pan);
int set_panel_userptr(PANEL *pan, const void *ptr);
const void *panel_userptr(const PANEL *pan);
int del_panel(PANEL *pan);
Panels are curses
(3X) windows with the added feature of
Panel functions allow the use of stacked windows and ensure
the proper portions of each window and the curses stdscr
hidden or displayed when panels are added, moved, modified or removed.
The set of currently visible panels is the stack of panels.
window is beneath all panels, and is not considered part
of the stack.
A window is associated with every panel.
The panel routines enable
you to create, move, hide, and show panels, as well as position a
panel at any desired location in the stack.
Panel routines are a functional layer added to curses(3X), make only
high-level curses calls, and work anywhere terminfo curses does.
allocates a PANEL structure, associates it with
win, places the panel on the top of the stack (causes it
to be displayed above any other panel) and returns a
pointer to the new panel.
refreshes the virtual screen to reflect the relations between the
panels in the stack, but does not call doupdate to refresh the
Use this function and not wrefresh or wnoutrefresh.
may be called more than once before a call to
doupdate, but doupdate is the function responsible for updating
the physical screen.
removes the given panel from the stack and deallocates the
PANEL structure (but not its associated window).
removes the given panel from the panel stack and thus hides it from
The PANEL structure is not lost, merely removed from the stack.
returns TRUE if the panel is in the panel stack,
FALSE if it is not.
If the panel is a null pointer, return ERR.
makes a hidden panel visible by placing it on top of the panels in the
See COMPATIBILITY below.
puts the given visible panel on top of all panels in the stack.
puts panel at the bottom of all panels.
moves the given panel window so that its upper-left corner is at
It does not change the position of the
panel in the stack.
Be sure to use this function, not mvwin,
to move a panel window.
replaces the current window of panel with window (useful, for
example if you want to resize a panel; if you're using ncurses,
you can call replace_panel on the output of wresize(3X)).
It does not change the position of the panel in the stack.
returns a pointer to the panel above pan.
If the panel argument is
(PANEL *)0, it returns a pointer to the bottom panel in the stack.
returns a pointer to the panel just below pan.
If the panel argument
is (PANEL *)0, it returns a pointer to the top panel in the stack.
sets the panel's user pointer.
returns the user pointer for a given panel.
returns a pointer to the window of the given panel.
Each routine that returns a pointer returns NULL
if an error
Each routine that returns an int value returns OK
executes successfully and ERR
Reasonable care has been taken to ensure compatibility
with the native panel facility introduced in System V (inspection of
the SVr4 manual pages suggests the programming interface is unchanged).
data structures are merely similar.
is cautioned not to directly use PANEL
The functions show_panel and top_panel are identical
in this implementation, and work equally well with displayed or hidden
In the native System V implementation, show_panel is
intended for making a hidden panel visible (at the top of the stack)
and top_panel is intended for making an already-visible panel
move to the top of the stack.
You are cautioned to use the correct
function to ensure compatibility with native panel libraries.
In your library list, libpanel.a should be before libncurses.a; that is,
you should say ``-lpanel -lncurses'', not the other way around
(which would give a link-error with static libraries).
The panel facility was documented in SVr4.2 in
Character User Interface Programming (UNIX SVR4.2).
It is not part of X/Open Curses.
Aside from ncurses, only systems based on SVr4 source code,
e.g., Solaris provide this library.
interface for the panels library
the panels library itself
This describes ncurses
version 6.1 (patch 20180923).
Originally written by Warren Tucker <firstname.lastname@example.org
primarily to assist in porting u386mon to systems without a native
Repackaged for ncurses by Zeyd ben-Halim.