Section: SANE Scanner Access Now Easy (5)
Updated: 4 Jul 2012
sane-genesys - SANE backend for GL646, GL841, GL843, GL847 and GL124 based USB flatbed scanners
library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) backend that provides
access to USB flatbed scanners based on the Genesys GL646, GL841, GL843, GL847 and GL124 chips.
At present, the following scanners are known to work with this backend:
Canon LiDE 35/40/50/60/100/110/120/200/210/220/700
Plustek OpticBook 3600
Pentax DSmobile 600
Syscan/Ambir DocketPORT 467/485/487/665/685
Visioneer OneTouch 7100/Strobe XP100 (rev3)/XP200/XP300/Roadwarrior
Xerox Travel Scanner 100, OneTouch 2400
This is stable software for supported models. But if you test new or untested scanners, keep
your hand at the scanner's plug and unplug it, if the head bumps at the end of
the scan area.
If you own a scanner other than the ones listed above that works with this
backend, please let me know this by sending the scanner's exact model name and
the USB vendor and device ids (e.g. from
or syslog) to the sane-devel mailing list. Even if the scanner's name is only
slightly different from the models mentioned above, please let me know.
If you own a scanner that isn't detected by the genesys backend but has a GL646,
GL841, GL843, GL847 or GL124 chipset, you can try to add it to the backend.
To give correct image quality, sheet fed scanners need to be calibrated using the
calibration sheet sold with the scanner. To do calibration, you must insert this target
in the feeder then start calibration either by passing the --calibrate option to scanimage
or by clicking on the available 'calibrate' button in the 'advanced options' in a graphical
frontend. The result of the calibration is stored in a file in the home directory of the user doing it.
If you plug the scanner in another machine or use it with another account, calibration
will have to be redone, unless you use the --calibration-file option.
If no home directory is defined,
USERAPPPROFILE will be used, then TMPDIR or TMP. If none of these directories exist, the backend will try
to write in the current working directory. Flatbed scanners also make use of the calibration file as a cache
to avoid calibration before each scan. Calibration file name is the name of the scanner model if only
one scanner is detected. In the case of several identical model, the file name will be the name
of the logical USB device name. The expiration time manages the time a calibration is valid in cache.
A value of -1 means forever, 0 means no cache.
EXTRAS SCAN OPTIONS
The lamp will be turned off after the given time (in minutes). A value of 0 means that the lamp won't be turned off.
0..100% (in steps of 1). Select minimum brightness to get a white point. Pixels
with brightness below that value will be scanned as black.
-100..100 (in steps of 1). Set the brightness enhancement. 0 for no enhancement, negative
values to decrease brigthness, and positive values to increase it.
-100..100 (in steps of 1). Set the contrast enhancement. 0 for no enhancement, negative
values to decrease contrast, and positive values to increase it.
When using high resolutions where the horizontal resolution is smaller than vertical resolution,
data is expanded by software to preserve picture geometry. This can be disabled by this option to get
real scanned data.
Disable use of a software adaptive algorithm to generate lineart and rely on hardware lineart.
When using gray or lineart this option selects the used color. Using a color filter
will give a monochrome scan. CIS based scanners can to true gray when no filter (None value) is
The lamp will be turned off during the scan. Calibration is still done with lamp on.
Clear calibration cache data, triggering a new calibration for the device when the
next scan will happen.
Specify the calibration file name to use. At least the directory containing the file
must exist, since it won't be created. This option is disabled if the backend is ran
as root. It maybe used in case of sheet-fed scanners to share a calibration file for several
Specify the time (in minutes) a cached calibration is considered valid. If older than the given value, a new
calibration is done. A value of -1 means no expiration and cached value are kept forever unless cleared by
userwith the calibration clear option. A value of 0 means cache is disabled.
Additionally, several 'software' options are exposed by the backend. These
are reimplementations of features provided natively by larger scanners, but
running on the host computer. This enables smaller machines to have similar
capabilities. Please note that these features are somewhat simplistic, and
may not perform as well as the native implementations. Note also that these
features all require that the driver cache the entire image in memory. This
will almost certainly result in a reduction of scanning speed.
Requests the driver to detect the extremities of the paper within the larger
image, and crop the empty edges.
Requests the driver to detect the rotation of the paper within the larger
image, and counter the rotation.
--swdespeck --despeck X
Requests the driver to find and remove dots of X diameter or smaller from the
image, and fill the space with the average surrounding color.
--swskip 0..100% (in steps of 1) 
Request driver to discard pages with low numbers of dark pixels.
Request driver to detect and correct 90 degree image rotation.
This backend needs libusb-0.1.6 or later installed, and hasn't tested in other
configuration than a linux kernel 2.6.9 or higher. However, it should work any
system with libusb where the SANE package can be compiled. For
setting permissions and general USB information look at
The contents of the
file is a list of usb lines containing vendor and product ids that correspond
to USB scanners. The file can also contain option lines. Empty lines and
lines starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored. The scanners are
usb vendor_id product_id
statements which are already included into
"vendor_id" and "product_id" are hexadecimal numbers that identify the
The backend configuration file (see also description of
The static library implementing this backend.
The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems that
support dynamic loading).
This environment variable specifies the list of directories that may
contain the configuration file. Under UNIX, the directories are
separated by a colon (`:'), under OS/2, they are separated by a
semi-colon (`;'). If this variable is not set, the configuration file
is searched in two default directories: first, the current working
directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the value of the
environment variable ends with the directory separator character, then
the default directories are searched after the explicitly specified
directories. For example, setting
to "/tmp/config:" would result in directories "tmp/config", ".", and
"/etc/sane.d" being searched (in this order).
If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this environment
variable controls the debug level for this backend. Higher debug levels
increase the verbosity of the output. If the debug level is set to 1 or higher,
some debug options become available that are normally hidden. Handle them with
care. This will print messages related to core genesys functions.
This environment variable controls the debug level for low level functions
common to all genesys ASICs.
This environment variable controls the debug level for the specific GL646 code
This environment variable controls the debug level for the specific GL841 code
This environment variable controls the debug level for the specific GL843 code
This environment variable controls the debug level for the specific GL847 code
This environment variable controls the debug level for the specific GL124 code
Example (full and highly verbose output for gl646):
Jack McGill for donating several sheetfed and flatbed scanners, which made possible to add support
for them in the genesys backend:
Visioneer Strobe XP100 (rev3)/XP200/XP300/Roadwarrior
Canon LiDE 200
Pentax DSmobile 600
Syscan/Ambir DocketPORT 467/485/487/665/685
Xerox Travel Scanner 100, Onetouch 2400
- cncsolutions (http://www.cncsolutions.com.br) sponsored and supported the work on the Panasonic KV-SS080.
- Brian Paavo from Benthic Science Limited for donating a Canoscan LiDE 700F.
- Dany Qumsiyeh for donating a Canoscan LiDE 210 and a LiDE 220.
- Luc Verhaegen for donating a Canoscan LiDE 120.
Henning Meier-Geinitz <firstname.lastname@example.org
Gerhard Jaeger <email@example.com
Stéphane Voltz <firstname.lastname@example.org
Philipp Schmid <email@example.com
Pierre Willenbrock <firstname.lastname@example.org
Alexey Osipov <email@example.com
> for HP2400 final support
Powersaving isn't implemented for gl646 based scanner. Dynamic (emulated from gray data and with dithering) isn't enabled for gl646 scanners. Hardware lineart is limited up to 600 dpi for gl847 based scanners, due to the way image sensors are built.
- This backend will be much slower if not using libusb-1.0. So be sure that sane-backends is built with the --enable-libusb_1_0 option.
For the LiDE 200, the scanned data at 4800 dpi is obtained "as is" from sensor. It seems the windows driver does some digital processing
to improve it, which is not implemented in the backend.