1) the user su is targeting
2) the user executing the su command (or any groups he might be a member of)
The file is formatted like this, with lines starting with a # being treated as comment lines and ignored;
Where to-id is either the word ALL, a list of usernames delimited by "," or the words ALL EXCEPT followed by a list of usernames delimited by ",".
from-id is formatted the same as to-id except the extra word GROUP is recognized. ALL EXCEPT GROUP is perfectly valid too. Following GROUP appears one or more group names, delimited by ",". It is not sufficient to have primary group id of the relevant group, an entry in /etc/group(5) is necessary.
Action can be one only of the following currently supported options.
Note there are three separate fields delimited by a colon. No whitespace must surround this colon. Also note that the file is examined sequentially line by line, and the first applicable rule is used without examining the file further. This makes it possible for a system administrator to exercise as fine control as he or she wishes.
# sample /etc/suauth file # # A couple of privileged usernames may # su to root with their own password. # root:chris,birddog:OWNPASS # # Anyone else may not su to root unless in # group wheel. This is how BSD does things. # root:ALL EXCEPT GROUP wheel:DENY # # Perhaps terry and birddog are accounts # owned by the same person. # Access can be arranged between them # with no password. # terry:birddog:NOPASS birddog:terry:NOPASS #
There could be plenty lurking. The file parser is particularly unforgiving about syntax errors, expecting no spurious whitespace (apart from beginning and end of lines), and a specific token delimiting different things.
An error parsing the file is reported using syslogd(8) as level ERR on facility AUTH.