This file system is only available in Linux 2.6 and later series kernels (and in the later parts of the 2.5 development series leading up to 2.6). This man page does not apply to 2.4 and earlier.
As well as this filesystem, there are a collection of files in the procfs filesystem (normally mounted at /proc) which are used to control the NFS server. This manual page describes all of these files.
The exportfs and mountd programs (part of the nfs-utils package) expect to find this filesystem mounted at /proc/fs/nfsd or /proc/fs/nfs. If it is not mounted, they will fall-back on 2.4 style functionality. This involves accessing the NFS server via a systemcall. This systemcall is scheduled to be removed after the 2.6 kernel series.
Each line of the file contains a path name, a client name, and a number of options in parentheses. Any space, tab, newline or back-slash character in the path name or client name will be replaced by a backslash followed by the octal ASCII code for that character.
The request written to filehandle should be a client name, a path name, and a number of bytes. This should be followed by a newline, with white-space separating the fields, and octal quoting of special characters.
On writing this, the program will be able to read back a filehandle for that path as exported to the given client. The filehandle's length will be at most the number of bytes given.
The filehandle will be represented in hex with a leading '\x'.
The directory /proc/net/rpc in the procfs filesystem contains a number of files and directories. The files contain statistics that can be display using the nfsstat program. The directories contain information about various caches that the NFS server maintains to keep track of access permissions that different clients have for different filesystems. The caches are:
Each directory representing a cache can hold from 1 to 3 files. They are:
When the kernel needs some information which isn't in the cache, it
makes a line appear in the
file giving the key for the information. A user-space program should
read this, find the answer, and write a line containing the key, an
expiry time, and the content.
For example the kernel might make
appear in the auth.unix.ip/content file. The user-space program might then write
nfsd 127.0.0.1 1057206953 localhost
to indicate that 127.0.0.1 should map to localhost, at least for now.
If the program uses select(2) or poll(2) to discover if it can read from the channel then it will never see and end-of-file but when all requests have been answered, it will block until another request appears.
filesystem there are 4 files that can be used to enabled extra tracing
of nfsd and related code. They are:
They control tracing for the NFS client, the NFS server, the Network Lock Manager (lockd) and the underlying RPC layer respectively. Decimal numbers can be read from or written to these files. Each number represents a bit-pattern where bits that are set cause certain classes of tracing to be enabled. Consult the kernel header files to find out what number correspond to what tracing.