Section: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: March 2020
resize2fs - ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
program will resize ext2, ext3, or ext4 file systems. It can be used to
enlarge or shrink an unmounted file system located on
If the filesystem is mounted, it can be used to expand the size of the
mounted filesystem, assuming the kernel and the file system supports
on-line resizing. (Modern Linux 2.6 kernels will support on-line resize
for file systems mounted using ext3 and ext4; ext3 file systems will
require the use of file systems with the resize_inode feature enabled.)
parameter specifies the requested new size of the filesystem.
If no units are specified, the units of the
parameter shall be the filesystem blocksize of the filesystem.
parameter may be suffixed by one of the following units
designators: 'K', 'M', 'G', 'T' (either upper-case or lower-case) or 's'
for power-of-two kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, terabytes or 512 byte
sectors respectively. The
of the filesystem may never be larger than the size of the partition.
parameter is not specified, it will default to the size of the partition.
program does not manipulate the size of partitions. If you wish to enlarge
a filesystem, you must make sure you can expand the size of the
underlying partition first. This can be done using
by deleting the partition and recreating it with a larger size or using
if you're using the logical volume manager
recreating the partition, make sure you create it with the same starting
disk cylinder as before! Otherwise, the resize operation will
certainly not work, and you may lose your entire filesystem.
run resize2fs to resize the ext2 filesystem
to use all of the space in the newly enlarged partition.
If you wish to shrink an ext2 partition, first use
to shrink the size of filesystem. Then you may use
to shrink the size of the partition. When shrinking the size of
the partition, make sure you do not make it smaller than the new size
of the ext2 filesystem!
options enable and disable the 64bit feature, respectively. The resize2fs
program will, of course, take care of resizing the block group descriptors
and moving other data blocks out of the way, as needed. It is not possible
to resize the filesystem concurrent with changing the 64bit status.
Turns on the 64bit feature, resizes the group descriptors as necessary, and
moves other metadata out of the way.
- -d debug-flags
Turns on various resize2fs debugging features, if they have been compiled
into the binary.
should be computed by adding the numbers of the desired features
from the following list:
2 - Debug block relocations
4 - Debug inode relocations
8 - Debug moving the inode table
16 - Print timing information
32 - Debug minimum filesystem size (-M) calculation
Forces resize2fs to proceed with the filesystem resize operation, overriding
some safety checks which resize2fs normally enforces.
Flush the filesystem device's buffer caches before beginning. Only
really useful for doing
Shrink the file system to minimize its size as much as possible,
given the files stored in the file system.
Prints out a percentage completion bars for each
operation during an offline resize, so that the user can keep track
of what the program is doing.
Print an estimate of the number of file system blocks in the file system
if it is shrunk using
option and then exit.
Turns off the 64bit feature and frees blocks that are no longer in use.
- -S RAID-stride
program will heuristically determine the RAID stride that was specified
when the filesystem was created. This option allows the user to
explicitly specify a RAID stride setting to be used by resize2fs instead.
- -z undo_file
Before overwriting a file system block, write the old contents of the block to
an undo file. This undo file can be used with e2undo(8) to restore the old
contents of the file system should something go wrong. If the empty string is
passed as the undo_file argument, the undo file will be written to a file named
resize2fs-device.e2undo in the directory specified via the
E2FSPROGS_UNDO_DIR environment variable.
WARNING: The undo file cannot be used to recover from a power or system crash.
The minimum size of the filesystem as estimated by resize2fs may be
incorrect, especially for filesystems with 1k and 2k blocksizes.
was written by Theodore Ts'o <firstname.lastname@example.org
Resize2fs is Copyright 1998 by Theodore Ts'o and PowerQuest, Inc. All
As of April, 2000
may be redistributed under the terms of the GPL.