RPMBUILD

Section: Misc. Reference Manual Pages (8)
Updated: 09 June 2002
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NAME

rpmbuild - Build RPM Package(s)  

SYNOPSIS

 

BUILDING PACKAGES:

rpmbuild {-ba|-bb|-bp|-bc|-bi|-bl|-bs|-br} [rpmbuild-options] SPECFILE ...

rpmbuild {-ra|-rb|-rp|-rc|-ri|-rl|-rs|-rr} [rpmbuild-options] SOURCEPACKAGE ...

rpmbuild {-ta|-tb|-tp|-tc|-ti|-tl|-ts|-tr} [rpmbuild-options] TARBALL ...

rpmbuild {--rebuild|--recompile} SOURCEPKG ...

 

MISCELLANEOUS:

rpmbuild --showrc

 

rpmbuild-options


 [--buildroot DIRECTORY] [--clean] [--nobuild]
 [--rmsource] [--rmspec] [--short-circuit] [--build-in-place]
 [--noprep] [--noclean] [--nocheck]
 [--rpmfcdebug]
 [--target PLATFORM]
 [--with OPTION] [--without OPTION]

 

DESCRIPTION

rpmbuild is used to build both binary and source software packages. A package consists of an archive of files and meta-data used to install and erase the archive files. The meta-data includes helper scripts, file attributes, and descriptive information about the package. Packages come in two varieties: binary packages, used to encapsulate software to be installed, and source packages, containing the source code and recipe necessary to produce binary packages.

One of the following basic modes must be selected: Build Package, Build Package from Tarball, Recompile Package, Show Configuration.  

GENERAL OPTIONS

These options can be used in all the different modes.

-?, --help
Print a longer usage message then normal.
--version
Print a single line containing the version number of rpm being used.
--quiet
Print as little as possible - normally only error messages will be displayed.
-v
Print verbose information - normally routine progress messages will be displayed.
-vv
Print lots of ugly debugging information.
--rpmfcdebug
Enables to debug dependencies generation.
--rcfile FILELIST
Each of the files in the colon separated FILELIST is read sequentially by rpm for configuration information. Only the first file in the list must exist, and tildes will be expanded to the value of $HOME. The default FILELIST is /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc:/usr/lib/rpm/<vendor>/rpmrc:/etc/rpmrc:~/.rpmrc.
--pipe CMD
Pipes the output of rpm to the command CMD.
--dbpath DIRECTORY
Use the database in DIRECTORY rather than the default path /var/lib/rpm
--root DIRECTORY
Use the file system tree rooted at DIRECTORY for all operations. Note that this means the database within DIRECTORY will be used for dependency checks and any scriptlet(s) (e.g. %post if installing, or %prep if building, a package) will be run after a chroot(2) to DIRECTORY.
-D, --define='MACRO EXPR'
Defines MACRO with value EXPR.
--scm=SCM
Select the SCM to use with %autosetup, if one is not set in the spec file. Note that not all values for SCM, e.g., patch (the default) and gendiff, git, or quilt work interchangeably with all other patches and options stated in the %autosetup line, especially option -pN.
 

BUILD OPTIONS

The general form of an rpm build command is

rpmbuild {-bSTAGE|-rSTAGE|-tSTAGE} [rpmbuild-options] FILE ...

The argument used is -b if a spec file is being used to build the package, -r if a source package is to be rebuild and -t if rpmbuild should look inside of a (possibly compressed) tar file for the spec file to use. After the first argument, the next character (STAGE) specifies the stages of building and packaging to be done and is one of:

-ba
Build binary and source packages (after doing the %prep, %build, and %install stages).
-bb
Build a binary package (after doing the %prep, %build, and %install stages).
-bp
Executes the "%prep" stage from the spec file. Normally this involves unpacking the sources and applying any patches.
-bc
Do the "%build" stage from the spec file (after doing the %prep stage). This generally involves the equivalent of a "make".
-bi
Do the "%install" stage from the spec file (after doing the %prep and %build stages). This generally involves the equivalent of a "make install".
-bl
Do a "list check". The "%files" section from the spec file is macro expanded, and checks are made to verify that each file exists.
-bs
Build just the source package.
-br
Build just the source package - but calculate and include the dynamic build requires.

The following options may also be used:

--buildroot DIRECTORY
When building a package, override the BuildRoot tag with directory DIRECTORY.
--clean
Remove the build tree after the packages are made.
--nobuild
Do not execute any build stages. Useful for testing out spec files.
--noprep
Do not execute %prep build stage even if present in spec.
--noclean
Do not execute %clean build stage even if present in spec.
--nocheck
Do not execute %check build stage even if present in spec.
--nodebuginfo
Do not generate debuginfo packages.
--nodeps
Do not verify build dependencies.
--rmsource
Remove the sources after the build (may also be used standalone, e.g. "rpmbuild --rmsource foo.spec").
--rmspec
Remove the spec file after the build (may also be used standalone, eg. "rpmbuild --rmspec foo.spec").
--short-circuit
Skip straight to specified stage (i.e., skip all stages leading up to the specified stage). Only valid with -bc, -bi, and -bb. Useful for local testing only. Packages built this way will be marked with an unsatisfiable dependency to prevent their accidental use.
--build-in-place
Build from locally checked out sources. Sets _builddir to current working directory. Skips handling of -n and untar in the %setup and the deletion of the buildSubdir.
--target PLATFORM
When building the package, interpret PLATFORM as arch-vendor-os and set the macros %_target, %_target_cpu, and %_target_os accordingly.
--with OPTION
Enable configure OPTION for build.
--without OPTION
Disable configure OPTION for build.
 

REBUILD AND RECOMPILE OPTIONS

There are two other ways to invoke building with rpm:

rpmbuild --rebuild|--recompile SOURCEPKG ...

When invoked this way, rpmbuild installs the named source package, and does a prep, compile and install. In addition, --rebuild builds a new binary package. When the build has completed, the build directory is removed (as in --clean) and the the sources and spec file for the package are removed.

These options are now superseded by the -r* options which allow much more fine control over what stages of the build to run.  

SHOWRC

The command

rpmbuild --showrc

shows the values rpmbuild will use for all of the options are currently set in rpmrc and macros configuration file(s).  

FILES

 

rpmrc Configuration

/usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc
/usr/lib/rpm/<vendor>/rpmrc
/etc/rpmrc
~/.rpmrc
 

Macro Configuration

/usr/lib/rpm/macros
/usr/lib/rpm/<vendor>/macros
/etc/rpm/macros
~/.rpmmacros
 

Temporary

/var/tmp/rpm*  

SEE ALSO

gendiff(1),
popt(3),
rpm(8),
rpm2cpio(8),
rpmkeys(8)
rpmspec(8),
rpmsign(8),

rpmbuild --help - as rpm supports customizing the options via popt aliases it's impossible to guarantee that what's described in the manual matches what's available.

http://www.rpm.org/ <URL:http://www.rpm.org/>  

AUTHORS

Marc Ewing <marc@redhat.com>
Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>
Erik Troan <ewt@redhat.com>


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
BUILDING PACKAGES:
MISCELLANEOUS:
rpmbuild-options
DESCRIPTION
GENERAL OPTIONS
BUILD OPTIONS
REBUILD AND RECOMPILE OPTIONS
SHOWRC
FILES
rpmrc Configuration
Macro Configuration
Temporary
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
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