actions in tc

Section: Linux (8)
Updated: 1 Aug 2017
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NAME

actions - independently defined actions in tc  

SYNOPSIS

tc [ TC_OPTIONS ] actions add | change | replace ACTSPEC

tc [ TC_OPTIONS ] actions get | delete ACTISPEC

tc [ TC_OPTIONS ] actions flush ACTNAMESPEC

tc [ TC_OPTIONS ] actions ls | list ACTNAMESPEC [ ACTFILTER ]

ACTSPEC := action ACTDETAIL [ INDEXSPEC ] [ COOKIESPEC ] [ FLAGS ] [ CONTROL ]

ACTISPEC := ACTNAMESPEC INDEXSPEC

ACTNAMESPEC := action ACTNAME

INDEXSPEC := index INDEX

ACTFILTER := since MSTIME

COOKIESPEC := cookie COOKIE

FLAGS := no_percpu

ACTDETAIL := ACTNAME ACTPARAMS

ACTNAME may be any valid action type: gact, mirred, bpf, connmark, csum, police, etc.

MSTIME Time since last update.

CONTROL := { reclassify | pipe | drop | continue | ok }

TC_OPTIONS These are the options that are specific to tc and not only the options. Refer to tc(8) for more information.

 

DESCRIPTION

The actions object in tc allows a user to define actions independently of a classifier (filter). These actions can then be assigned to one or more filters, with any packets matching the classifier's criteria having that action performed on them.

Each action type (mirred, police, etc.) will have its own table to store all created actions.

 

OPERATIONS

add
Create a new action in that action's table.

change
replace Make modifications to an existing action.
get
Display the action with the specified index value. When combined with the -s option for tc, display the statistics for that action.
delete
Delete the action with the specified index value. If the action is already associated with a classifier, it does not delete the classifier.
ls
list List all the actions in the specified table. When combined with the -s option for tc, display the statistics for all actions in the specified table. When combined with the option since allows doing a millisecond time-filter since the last time an action was used in the datapath.
flush
Delete all actions stored in the specified table.

 

ACTION OPTIONS

Note that these options are available to all action types.
index INDEX
Specify the table index value of an action. INDEX is a 32-bit value that is unique to the specific type of action referenced.

For add, change, and replace operations, the index is optional. When adding a new action, specifying an index value will assign the action to that index unless that index value has already been assigned. Omitting the index value for an add operation will cause the kernel to assign a value to the new action.

For get and delete operations, the index is required to identify the specific action to be displayed or deleted.

cookie COOKIE
In addition to the specific action, mark the matching packet with the value specified by COOKIE. The COOKIE is a 128-bit value that will not be interpreted by the kernel whatsoever. As such, it can be used as a correlating value for maintaining user state. The value to be stored is completely arbitrary and does not require a specific format. It is stored inside the action structure itself.

FLAGS
Action-specific flags. Currently, the only supported flag is no_percpu which indicates that action is expected to have minimal software data-path traffic and doesn't need to allocate stat counters with percpu allocator. This option is intended to be used by hardware-offloaded actions.

since MSTIME
When dumping large number of actions, a millisecond time-filter can be specified MSTIME. The MSTIME is a millisecond count since last time a packet hit the action. As an example specifying "since 20000" implies to dump all actions that have seen packets in the last 20 seconds. This option is useful when the kernel has a large number of actions and you are only interested in recently used actions.

CONTROL
The CONTROL indicates how tc should proceed after executing the action. Any of the following are valid:
reclassify
Restart the classifiction by jumping back to the first filter attached to the action's parent.
pipe
Continue with the next action. This is the default control.
drop
Drop the packed without running any further actions.
continue
Continue the classification with the next filter.
pass
Return to the calling qdisc for packet processing, and end classification of this packet.

 

SEE ALSO

tc(8), tc-bpf(8), tc-connmark(8), tc-csum(8), tc-ife(8), tc-mirred(8), tc-nat(8), tc-pedit(8), tc-police(8), tc-simple(8), tc-skbedit(8), tc-skbmod(8), tc-tunnel_key(8), tc-vlan(8), tc-xt(8)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPERATIONS
ACTION OPTIONS
SEE ALSO
LinuxReviews : manual page archive : man8