UDEVADM

Section: udevadm (8)
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NAME

udevadm - udev management tool  

SYNOPSIS

udevadm [--debug] [--version] [--help]
udevadm info [options] [devpath]
udevadm trigger [options] [devpath]
udevadm settle [options]
udevadm control option
udevadm monitor [options]
udevadm test [options] devpath
udevadm test-builtin [options] command devpath
 

DESCRIPTION

udevadm

expects a command and command specific options. It controls the runtime behavior of systemd-udevd, requests kernel events, manages the event queue, and provides simple debugging mechanisms.  

OPTIONS

-d, --debug

Print debug messages to standard error. This option is implied in udevadm test and udevadm test-builtin commands.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm info [options] [devpath|file|unit...]

Query the udev database for device information.

Positional arguments should be used to specify one or more devices. Each one may be a device name (in which case it must start with /dev/), a sys path (in which case it must start with /sys/), or a systemd device unit name (in which case it must end with ".device", see systemd.device(5)).

-q, --query=TYPE

Query the database for the specified type of device data. Valid TYPEs are: name, symlink, path, property, all.

-p, --path=DEVPATH

The /sys path of the device to query, e.g. [/sys]/class/block/sda. This option is an alternative to the positional argument with a /sys/ prefix. udevadm info --path=/class/block/sda is equivalent to udevadm info /sys/class/block/sda.

-n, --name=FILE

The name of the device node or a symlink to query, e.g. [/dev]/sda. This option is an alternative to the positional argument with a /dev/ prefix. udevadm info --name=sda is equivalent to udevadm info /dev/sda.

-r, --root

Print absolute paths in name or symlink query.

-a, --attribute-walk

Print all sysfs properties of the specified device that can be used in udev rules to match the specified device. It prints all devices along the chain, up to the root of sysfs that can be used in udev rules.

-x, --export

Print output as key/value pairs. Values are enclosed in single quotes. This takes effects only when --query=property or --device-id-of-file=FILE is specified.

-P, --export-prefix=NAME

Add a prefix to the key name of exported values. This implies --export.

-d, --device-id-of-file=FILE

Print major/minor numbers of the underlying device, where the file lives on. If this is specified, all positional arguments are ignored.

-e, --export-db

Export the content of the udev database.

-c, --cleanup-db

Cleanup the udev database.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm trigger [options] [devpath|file|unit]

Request device events from the kernel. Primarily used to replay events at system coldplug time.

Takes a device specification as a positional argument. See the description of info above.

-v, --verbose

Print the list of devices which will be triggered.

-n, --dry-run

Do not actually trigger the event.

-t, --type=TYPE

Trigger a specific type of devices. Valid types are: devices, subsystems. The default value is devices.

-c, --action=ACTION

Type of event to be triggered. The default value is change.

-s, --subsystem-match=SUBSYSTEM

Trigger events for devices which belong to a matching subsystem. This option supports shell style pattern matching. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ORed, that is, all the devices in each subsystem are triggered.

-S, --subsystem-nomatch=SUBSYSTEM

Do not trigger events for devices which belong to a matching subsystem. This option supports shell style pattern matching. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ANDed, that is, devices which do not match all specified subsystems are triggered.

-a, --attr-match=ATTRIBUTE=VALUE

Trigger events for devices with a matching sysfs attribute. If a value is specified along with the attribute name, the content of the attribute is matched against the given value using shell style pattern matching. If no value is specified, the existence of the sysfs attribute is checked. When this option is specified multiple times, then each matching result is ANDed, that is, only devices which have all specified attributes are triggered.

-A, --attr-nomatch=ATTRIBUTE=VALUE

Do not trigger events for devices with a matching sysfs attribute. If a value is specified along with the attribute name, the content of the attribute is matched against the given value using shell style pattern matching. If no value is specified, the existence of the sysfs attribute is checked. When this option is specified multiple times, then each matching result is ANDed, that is, only devices which have none of the specified attributes are triggered.

-p, --property-match=PROPERTY=VALUE

Trigger events for devices with a matching property value. This option supports shell style pattern matching. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ORed, that is, devices which have one of the specified properties are triggered.

-g, --tag-match=PROPERTY

Trigger events for devices with a matching tag. When this option is specified multiple times, then each matching result is ANDed, that is, devices which have all specified tags are triggered.

-y, --sysname-match=NAME

Trigger events for devices for which the last component (i.e. the filename) of the /sys path matches the specified PATH. This option supports shell style pattern matching. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ORed, that is, all devices which have any of the specified NAME are triggered.

--name-match=NAME

Trigger events for devices with a matching device path. When this option is specified more than once, the last NAME is used.

-b, --parent-match=SYSPATH

Trigger events for all children of a given device. When this option is specified more than once, the last NAME is used.

-w, --settle

Apart from triggering events, also waits for those events to finish. Note that this is different from calling udevadm settle. udevadm settle waits for all events to finish. This option only waits for events triggered by the same command to finish.

--wait-daemon[=SECONDS]

Before triggering uevents, wait for systemd-udevd daemon to be initialized. Optionally takes timeout value. Default timeout is 5 seconds. This is equivalent to invoke invoking udevadm control --ping before udevadm trigger.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.

In addition, an optional positional argument can be used to specify device name or sys path. It must start with /dev or /sys respectively.  

udevadm settle [options]

Watches the udev event queue, and exits if all current events are handled.

-t, --timeout=SECONDS

Maximum number of seconds to wait for the event queue to become empty. The default value is 120 seconds. A value of 0 will check if the queue is empty and always return immediately.

-E, --exit-if-exists=FILE

Stop waiting if file exists.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm control option

Modify the internal state of the running udev daemon.

-e, --exit

Signal and wait for systemd-udevd to exit. Note that systemd-udevd.service contains Restart=always and so as a result, this option restarts systemd-udevd. If you want to stop systemd-udevd.service, please use the following:

systemctl stop systemd-udevd-control.socket systemd-udevd-kernel.socket systemd-udevd.service

-l, --log-priority=value

Set the internal log level of systemd-udevd. Valid values are the numerical syslog priorities or their textual representations: emerg, alert, crit, err, warning, notice, info, and debug.

-s, --stop-exec-queue

Signal systemd-udevd to stop executing new events. Incoming events will be queued.

-S, --start-exec-queue

Signal systemd-udevd to enable the execution of events.

-R, --reload

Signal systemd-udevd to reload the rules files and other databases like the kernel module index. Reloading rules and databases does not apply any changes to already existing devices; the new configuration will only be applied to new events.

-p, --property=KEY=value

Set a global property for all events.

-m, --children-max=value

Set the maximum number of events, systemd-udevd will handle at the same time.

--ping

Send a ping message to systemd-udevd and wait for the reply. This may be useful to check that systemd-udevd daemon is running.

-t, --timeout=seconds

The maximum number of seconds to wait for a reply from systemd-udevd.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm monitor [options]

Listens to the kernel uevents and events sent out by a udev rule and prints the devpath of the event to the console. It can be used to analyze the event timing, by comparing the timestamps of the kernel uevent and the udev event.

-k, --kernel

Print the kernel uevents.

-u, --udev

Print the udev event after the rule processing.

-p, --property

Also print the properties of the event.

-s, --subsystem-match=string[/string]

Filter kernel uevents and udev events by subsystem[/devtype]. Only events with a matching subsystem value will pass. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ORed, that is, all devices in the specified subsystems are monitored.

-t, --tag-match=string

Filter udev events by tag. Only udev events with a given tag attached will pass. When this option is specified more than once, then each matching result is ORed, that is, devices which have one of the specified tags are monitored.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm test [options] [devpath]

Simulate a udev event run for the given device, and print debug output.

-a, --action=string

The action string.

-N, --resolve-names=early|late|never

Specify when udevadm should resolve names of users and groups. When set to early (the default), names will be resolved when the rules are parsed. When set to late, names will be resolved for every event. When set to never, names will never be resolved and all devices will be owned by root.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

udevadm test-builtin [options] [command] [devpath]

Run a built-in command COMMAND for device DEVPATH, and print debug output.

-h, --help

Print a short help text and exit.
 

SEE ALSO

udev(7), systemd-udevd.service(8)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
udevadm info [options] [devpath|file|unit...]
udevadm trigger [options] [devpath|file|unit]
udevadm settle [options]
udevadm control option
udevadm monitor [options]
udevadm test [options] [devpath]
udevadm test-builtin [options] [command] [devpath]
SEE ALSO
LinuxReviews : manual page archive