Section: Linux Kernel Functions (9)
Updated: 1997/08/14 07:53:47
request_irq, free_irq - register an interrupt handler
int request_irq(unsigned int irq,
void (*handler)(int, void *, struct pt_regs *),
unsigned long irqflags, const char *devname,
void free_irq(unsigned int irq, void *dev_id);
function requests that a specified function (the handler) be called
whenever the kernel receives a given interrupt. The handler may
in turn register a bottom half, which is usually a slower part of
the handler which does not need to be executed as soon as the interrupt
is received. See
for more information on bottom halves.
parameter is the interrupt number you want to handle. It must be less
(16 on Intel systems), and there may be additional limitations on the
on m68k machines) for
is a pointer to the a pointer to the function that will handle the
interrupt. The handler is passed the following parameters:
- int irq
The interrupt number. By testing the value of this parameter, it is
possible for a single function to handle multiple IRQs.
- void *dev_id
The device ID of this handler (see below).
- struct pt_regs *regs
The registers stored on the stack of the process that was interrupted.
Normally, one shouldn't mess with these, although they can be read to
determine, for example, whether the interrupted process was in kernel
or user mode.
is, as the name suggests, a bitmask of flags pertaining to this interrupt
handler. Legal bits are:
This bit indicates that you are registering a fast interrupt handler.
The semantics of this are discussed below.
This bit indicates that your handler supports sharing an IRQ with other
handlers (see also
This bit indicates that this IRQ may be used as an entropy source for
This bit indicates that the IRQ is being probed and that the handler
being installed is not a real one. It was intended that this value
be used internally by
(q.v.), but it is no longer used in 2.1.x kernels. In fact, even with
2.0.x kernels, it is only used by the MIPS architecture. You should not
be using this value unless you know what you are doing.
(Sparc/Sparc64 only) This bit requests that your
(see below) be added to a statically allocated array of four handlers,
rather than the normal
table. This is used for IRQs that must be requested early in the boot
has been called.
parameter is a short name for the device and is displayed in the
parameter is the device ID. This parameter is usually set to NULL, but should
be non-null if you wish to do IRQ sharing. This doesn't matter when hooking
the interrupt, but is required so that, when
is called, the correct driver is unhooked. Since this is a
it can point to anything (such as a device-specific structure, or even empty
space), but make sure you pass the same pointer to
function releases an interrupt handler from operation. It takes as parameters
the IRQ to unregister, and the device ID of the handler to be unregistered.
You should pass the same values here as you did to
You probably shouldn't unregister other people's interrupt handlers unless you
know what you are doing.
For most architectures,
operates by allocating memory for a
filling out the fields thereof, and adding it to the
is then called, which simply tells the kernel to start delivering interrupts
to the installed handler. This process is vastly different on m68k machines,
where it varies depending on what type of machine (Amiga, Atari, etc.) one is
simply removes the entries that
added. Note that some of these names differ depending on the architecture (for
is known as
on the Power PC). If you need to know more about the internal workings of
these functions, you are best off reading the source, as some of this
information may have changed by the time you read this (if so, tell me, so
I can try to update this page).
Fast Interrupt Handlers
A `fast' interrupt handler (one with
set) has the following
differences from normal `slow' interrupt handlers:
On the ix86 and MIPS, the handler is called with interrupts disabled
(they are enabled by default on these machines; on other machines,
they are disabled by default).
On the MIPS, a faster return is used.
On the Alpha, MIPS, Sparc, and Sparc64, a fast and a slow handler
may not share the same IRQ.
On all architectures except the m68k and the ix86, a `+' is displayed
between the interrupt count and the device name in
The slow-versus-fast interrupt distinction is slowly being phased out. For
example, under 2.0.x on the ix86,
enabled a fast return as it still does on the MIPS; this distiction was
removed in 2.1.x.
returns 0 if everything goes as planned. Your interrupt handler will start
receiving its interrupts immediately. On failure,
The IRQ number you requested was either invalid or reserved, or your passed a NULL
pointer for the
could not allocate enough memory for something (probably the
The IRQ you requested is already being handled, and the IRQ cannot be
shared. This can occur because either the handler being registered or
the handler already present does not have
In addition, on most architectures, all handlers sharing a single IRQ must be
of the same speed; i.e., either all or none of them may have the
flag set. Finally, it is possible that your architecture may not support sharing
of the IRQ you are attempting to use.
The m68k returns this value for an invalid IRQ number.
does not return a value.
Linux 2.1+. The information on this page should work for 2.0.x, but there
may be subtle differences (for example, the semantics of
on Intel-based machines). Versions earlier than 2.0 had these functions,
parameter was missing. If you want your code to work with versions both earlier
and later than 2.0, you should protect your code with preprocessor macros using
Neil Moore <firstname.lastname@example.org>
It's not exactly a bug, but
on the m68k is
strange compared to the same function on the other supported architectures.
You should really read
arch/m68k/amiga/amiints.c, and arch/m68k/amiga/cia.c
if you plan on writing drivers for any of these systems.