Section: po-debconf (1)
debconf-gettextize - extract translations of debconf templates into PO files
files read by debconf contain English
text and translations in the same file. But in source packages, translations
are managed in separate files to help translators. In the initial
implementation, a master templates
file contained only English text, and
files contained both original and translated strings for the
. The debconf-mergetemplate
program was merging master and
translated templates files.
The new implementation with "po-debconf" is based on "gettext". Maintainers
mark translatable fields by prepending them with an underscore, English strings
are automatically extracted into a POT file, translators work on normal PO
files, and po2debconf generates a merged templates file with the same
The debconf-gettextize program was initially designed to help migrating to
the new implementation.
It reads a list of master files and their associated
translations, and generates po/*.po files for each language containing
Each input file receives an ".old" suffix, and a new master file
overwrites the old one; it is identical to the previous master
file except that
an underscore is prepended to translatable fields.
Developers can then choose which fields translators have to work on and
which ones are skipped because their values are not locale-dependent.
A po/POTFILES.in file is also created, it contains the list of templates
files debconf-updatepo has to process.
Typically the debconf-gettextize program must be run only once when
transforming from the first implementation to the "po-debconf" format, but
it can also be used afterwards to transform a "_Choices" field into "__Choices"
(or vice-versa) without losing translations, when using the "--merge" flag
(alongside with "--choices" or not).
The desired template containing the "_Choices" or "__Choices" fields to modify
has to be copied into a temporary template file, which is passed
to debconf-gettextize as an argument.
Then the following steps are performed:
po2debconf is run on this template file to generate a translated templates file.
This translated templates file is processed as described above and PO files are
Newly created PO files are merged with existing ones.
When PO files are merged, "_Choices" fields have to be replaced by "__Choices"
(or vice-versa) in the original templates file before running debconf-updatepo,
otherwise new translations will be fuzzy.
- -h, --help
Display a usage summary for the program and exit.
- -v, --verbose
Process in verbose mode.
Set directory for PO files. Default is to search for PO files in the po
subdirectory below the location of the first master file.
By default, debconf-gettextize replaces "Choices" fields by
"_Choices". With this flag, "__Choices" fields are written
When this flag is set, the strings are merged with existing PO files.
The templates files and po/POTFILES.in are not modified.
field is special when template type is "Select"
, because a value has to be chosen amongst the English
list of choices, even for localized values. Normally this field
must not be changed, but in rare circumstances localized values
are meaningful (e.g. to choose the default language of an application).
In order to let translators know that this localized "Default"
special, you must by convention call it "_DefaultChoice"
Denis Barbier <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Martin Quinson <email@example.com>