Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: March 2020
more - file perusal filter for crt viewing
is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is
especially primitive. Users should realize that
emulation plus extensive enhancements.
Options are also taken from the environment variable
(make sure to precede them with a dash
but command-line options will override those.
- -d, --silent
Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]",
and display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing
the bell when an illegal key is pressed.
- -l, --logical
Do not pause after any line containing a
- -f, --no-pause
Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded).
- -p, --print-over
Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text.
Notice that this option is switched on automatically if the executable is
- -c, --clean-print
Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the
remainder of each line as it is displayed.
- -s, --squeeze
Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.
- -u, --plain
Suppress underlining. This option is silently ignored as backwards
- -n, --lines number
of lines per screenful. The
argument is a positive decimal integer. The
option shall override any values obtained from any other source, such as
number of lines reported by terminal.
A numeric option means the same as
Start displaying each file at line
to be searched in each file before starting to display it.
Display help text and exit.
- -V, --version
Display version information and exit.
Interactive commands for
are based on
Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the
descriptions below. In the following descriptions,
- h or ?
Help; display a summary of these commands. If you forget all other
commands, remember this one.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument
becomes new default.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.
- d or ^D
Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument
becomes new default.
- q or Q or INTERRUPT
Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.
Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
- b or ^B
Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files,
Go to the place where the last search started.
Display current line number.
Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.
Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression. Defaults to 1.
- !command or :!command
in a subshell.
Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment
if defined, or
is not defined, or defaults
Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.
Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.
Display current file name and line number.
Repeat previous command.
command respects the following environment variables, if they exist:
This variable may be set with favored options to
Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).
The terminal type used by more to get the terminal
characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.
The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command key
The editor of choice when
is not specified.
command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents
version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux
community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the
man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable
The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available from
Linux Kernel Archive