Please note that each SSSD service logs into its own log file. Also please note that enabling "debug_level" in the "[sssd]" section only enables debugging just for the sssd process itself, not for the responder or provider processes. The "debug_level" parameter should be added to all sections that you wish to produce debug logs from.
In addition to changing the log level in the config file using the "debug_level" parameter, which is persistent, but requires SSSD restart, it is also possible to change the debug level on the fly using the sss_debuglevel(8) tool.
Currently supported debug levels:
0, 0x0010: Fatal failures. Anything that would prevent SSSD from starting up or causes it to cease running.
1, 0x0020: Critical failures. An error that doesn't kill SSSD, but one that indicates that at least one major feature is not going to work properly.
2, 0x0040: Serious failures. An error announcing that a particular request or operation has failed.
3, 0x0080: Minor failures. These are the errors that would percolate down to cause the operation failure of 2.
4, 0x0100: Configuration settings.
5, 0x0200: Function data.
6, 0x0400: Trace messages for operation functions.
7, 0x1000: Trace messages for internal control functions.
8, 0x2000: Contents of function-internal variables that may be interesting.
9, 0x4000: Extremely low-level tracing information.
To log required bitmask debug levels, simply add their numbers together as shown in following examples:
Example: To log fatal failures, critical failures, serious failures and function data use 0x0270.
Example: To log fatal failures, configuration settings, function data, trace messages for internal control functions use 0x1310.
Note: The bitmask format of debug levels was introduced in 1.7.0.
0: Disable timestamp in the debug messages
0: Disable microseconds in timestamp
This option is deprecated. It is replaced by --logger=files.
stderr: Redirect debug messages to standard error output.
files: Redirect debug messages to the log files. By default, the log files are stored in /var/log/sssd and there are separate log files for every SSSD service and domain.
journald: Redirect debug messages to systemd-journald
Default: not set
sssd(8), sssd.conf(5), sssd-ldap(5), sssd-krb5(5), sssd-simple(5), sssd-ipa(5), sssd-ad(5), sssd-files(5), sssd-sudo(5), sssd-session-recording(5), sss_cache(8), sss_debuglevel(8), sss_obfuscate(8), sss_seed(8), sssd_krb5_locator_plugin(8), sss_ssh_authorizedkeys(8), sss_ssh_knownhostsproxy(8), sssd-ifp(5), pam_sss(8). sss_rpcidmapd(5) sssd-systemtap(5)
The SSSD upstream - https://pagure.io/SSSD/sssd/